New York v. Ferber 458 U.S. 747 (1982) The Facts: Ferber, the owner of an adult bookstore in Manhattan, was prosecuted for selling two films to an undercover police officer. The films depicted young boys masturbating. He was charged with violating a New Y
Near vs. Minnesota 283 U.S. 652 (1925) Facts: The defendant was charged with writing articles in a newspaper that were considered a public nuisance and lacked good motives or justifiable ends to deliver the truth. A state trial court enjoined The Saturday
New Times Co. v. United States; United States v. Washington Post Co. (Pentagon Papers Case) Facts: In 1971, The New York Times and Washington Post published excerpts from a top secret Defense Department study of the Vietnam War. The newspapers obtained th
Texas v. Johnson (1989) 491 U.S. 397 Facts: During the 1984 Republican National Convention, Johnson burned an American flag as part of a political demonstration protesting Reagans policies. Johnson was convicted of violating a Texas statute which made it
Tinker v Des Moines Independent Community School District 393 U.S. 503 (1969)
Facts: After three public school students wore black armbands to school to protest the governments policy in Vietnam, school officials suspended them out of fear of possible dis
Virginia v. Black The Facts: On August 22, 1998 Barry Black held a KKK meeting in Carroll County, Virginia on private property with the permission of the owner. The sheriff observed the meeting from the side of the road. At the end of the meeting, the gro
Roberts v. U.S. Jaycees, 468 U.S. 609 1984 Facts: The Jaycees are a nonprofit, all male group, predominately for men ranging from 18 to 35 years old. The organization hopes to encourage personal development and achievement and [to be] an avenue for intell
ASHCROFT V. ACLU Facts: In response to Reno, congress enacted the Child Online Protection Act (COPA). COPA imposes criminal penalties of a $50,000 fine and six months in prison for knowingly posting for commercial purposes, World Wide Web content that is
The third section of Title I of the Espionage Act of 1917 made it illegal during wartime to willfully make or convey false reports or false statements with intent to interfere with the American successes in war or to promote the success of its enemies, wi
Define denotative meaning
The agreed-upon, dictionary definition of a word.
Define notative meaning.
Individualized or personalized meaning of a word, which may be emotionally laden. (ex.
Who are the Gullah?
The black people of lowland, coastal Ca
Gerbner's Cultivation Theory
media shapes our behavior and influences our perceptions of reality
Bobo Doll Hall's Hegemony
media and technology reinforces status quo and power structures in society 3 rules for
#1: develop understanding of h
active process of receiving, constructing meaning from, and responding to spoken
and/or nonverbal messages.
It involves the ability to retain information, as well as to react empathically and/or
appreciatively to spoken and/or nonverbal messages
Mutual interdependence: performance of one individual will affect actions of other
individuals and affect the whole family
Self-regulating: how family change to adapt to their environment or external situation
Norms Rules that guide family communication a
building and sustaining relationships; members are not defined
focuses on advising, comforting or arising issues
task-oriented; outcome focused
task-specific; best solution
Ducks Relationship Filtering Model (order in which we pay attention to cues)
Behavior and NVC
Attitude and personality
Physical appearance (purpose/role of physical appearance)
screen out people who look like they did not see the world
What is repetition?
When the same message is sent both verbally and nonverbally.
What is emphasis?
Use of nonverbal cues to strengthen verbal messages.
What is complementation?
Nonverbal and verbal codes add meaning to each other and expand the meaning of
Structured Problem Solving Approach
Identify the problem
Analyze the problem
Develop creative solutions
Evaluate possible solutions
Implement a plan
Follow up on the solution Procedures that help groups agree
System Theory and Cultural Performance Perspective
Four types of communication that occurs in the workplace
Upward: subordinate to superior
Downward: superior to subordinate
Horizontal: members of equal power communicate
Outward: internal to external
Int. Society for Krishna Consciousness v. Lee 505 U.S 672 (1992) The facts New York City Air ports forbid within the airport terminals the repetitive solicitation of money and the repetitive sale or distribution of any merchandise including but not limite
Feiner v. New York 340 U.S. 315 (1951) Facts: The defendant, Irving Feiner, was convicted of disorderly conduct under violation of Section 722 of the Penal law of New York. Section 722 states that any person who with intent to provoke a breach of the peac
Abrams Vs United States The Facts: Czarist Russia had declared war on Germany, and in an attempt to seize power; they singed a peace treaty with Germany. In the summer of 1918, the US sent a contingent of marines to Vladivostok and Murmansk. The defendant
Boy Scouts of America V. Dale Facts: Dales position as an adult scoutmaster was revoked when the Boy Scout learned that he was an avowed homosexual and a gay rights activists. New Jerseys public accommodation law, which prohibits discrimination on the bas
Cantwell v. Connecticut 310 U.S. 296 (1940) Facts: The defendant was charged with inciting a breach of the peace for trying to solicit contributions on a public Connecticut street by playing a phonograph. The Jehovahs Witness played the phonograph, which
Central Hudson Gas v. Public Service Commission of New York Facts: The Public Service Commission of New York allowed electric utilities to engage in informational and institutional advertising but prohibited them from engaging in promotional advertising d
G LOBER N EWSPAPER CO. v. SUPER IOR COURT (1982) T H E FACTS: To protect underage victims of sex crimes a Massachusetts L aw requires t r ial judges to exclude the press and general public from the courtroom during the testimony of the victim if the victi
Miller v California 413 U.S. 15 (1973) Facts Miller headed a mass mailing campaign to advertise the sale of illustrated books, basically pornography under the name of adult material. The unsolicited advertising brochures he ended up mailing consisted main
New York Times vs. Sullivan
On March 29, 1960 the New York Times carried a full-page advertisement by four African American Alabama clergymen entitled Heed Their Rising Voices. This advertisement described the present state of the civil rights movement
Roth v United States; Alberts v California (1957) 354 U.S. 476 Facts: Roth was convicted of violating a federal statute prohibiting any person to mail any obscene publication, and Alberts was convicted of violating a California statute prohibiting any per
44 Liquormart Inc The Facts: 44 Liquormart Inc. owned liquor stores in Rhode Island, which had banned the advertisement of alcoholic beverages in places where alcohol was not sold. The District Court found the ban unconstitutional because the state did no