The Introduction of African Slavery*
As landowners realized that there wasnt much land left to give to indentured
servants, the custom stopped and they began looking for slave labor instead.
As a consequence of Bacons rebellion and the reluctance of inden
*The Restoration Colonies*
- In 1642 the English Parliament, led by Oliver Cromwell, rebelled against Charles I
[the absolutist monarch wannabe].
They finally won in 1646, and Charles was subsequently executed; Cromwell assumed
control of the govt until h
The Chesapeake Bacons Rebellion*
- Its important to note that the victory came w/a cost
1/10th of the male population was killed or wounded, towns were devastated, and the
economy didnt reach pre-1675 levels until the American Revolution.
- Around the sa
Problems Faced by the Existing Colonies in the 1670s and 1680s*
- In the 1670s and 80s, the original French, Spanish and English colonies faced
numerous crises, mainly caused by their relationships w/the Native Americans in their
- For i
Penn used his colony as a haven for fellow Quakers
[who were radical egalitarians and denied the need for clergy]
-but also promised toleration, guaranteed English liberties to all, and established an
His publicity efforts caused massive migrati
New York was a very diverse colony and had a relatively high % of slaves as well, so
the Duke was careful as he moved to establish his authority.
For instance, in 1665 he passed:
The Dukes Laws [first applied only to English settlements on Long Island and
New England King Phillips War*
- In New England, the expanding population resulted mainly from natural increase,
rather than from immigration,
-which slowed down greatly after the outbreak of the Civil War in 1642.
But b/c of the good conditions and large
In the Carolinas there had been more slaves from the start, but they only started
importing them directly in 1700,
-when rice was introduced [the slaves helped them learn to cultivate it].
Indigo was later added as a crop there.
Carolinians also enslaved
The most significant differences include
The importance of religion
It was not until the 1690s that the Church of England really took root in
Virginia, and even then it was never an essential part of society.
In New England, though, religion was central
Here is the classic triangular pattern, which developed in the mid 17th century
New England only had one thing England wanted trees.
to get more stuff from England, the colonists sold food to the English islands, which
needed to feed their slaves.