Chapter 16 Psychological Disorders
Perspectives on Psychological Disorders
Defining psychological disorders.
Medical Model: the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be
diagnosed, treated, and, n most cases, cured.
Psychological disorder: a
Emotion: a response of the whole organism, involving physiological arousal, expressive
behaviors, and conscious experience.
James-Lange theory: the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our
physiological responses to emotion arousing s
Chapter 12: Motivation and Work
Instincts and Evolutionary Psychology
Motivation: a need or desire that energizes and directs behavior
Instinct: a complex behavior that is rigidly patterned throughout a species
and is unlearned.
Chapter 11: Intelligence
The Origins of Intelligence Testing
Alfred Binet: Predicting School Achievement
Mental age: a measure of intelligence test performance devised by Binet;
the chronological age that most typically corresponds to a given level of
Chapter 9: Memory
The Phenomenon of Memory
Memory loss and Memory feats
Flashbulb Memory: a clear memory of an emotional significant moment or
Memory: the persistence of learning over time through the storage and
retrieval of info.
You are likely t
Chapter 8: Learning
Associative learning: learning that certain events occur together.
Learning: a relatively permanent change in an organisms behavior
due to experience.
Classical Conditioning: a type of learnin
Chapter 3 outline.
3. The Nature and Nurture of Behavior
1. Genes: Our Biological Blueprint
1. Chromosomes: threadlike structures made of DNA molecules that contain the
2. DNA: a complex molecule containing the genetic info that makes up the
chapter 2: Neuroscience and Behavior
1. Neural communicationi
1. Biological psychology: a branch of psychology concerned with the links between
biology and behavior.
2. Neuron: a nerve cell: the basic building block of the nervous system