Exponents and Radicals
Exponents represent a number multiplied by itself a certain number of times. This
is kind of an arbitrary concept, so I will explain with an example: . Since the
exponent on 5 is 3, we multiply 5 by itself 3 times. This works with v

Section 3: The Writing Section
The writing section is comprised of three sections: one 25-minute essay, one 25minute multiple choice subsection, and one 10-minute multiple choice subsection. Within
the multiple choice sections, there will be improving sen

Topic 6: Run-on and Incomplete Sentences
Run-on Sentences
Every declarative or interrogative sentence needs a subject and a predicate.
Sentences that lack one or the other are simply incomplete. Similarly, when you want to
put two sentences together to fo

Topic 4: Subject-Predicate and Pronoun Agreement
Subject-Predicate Agreement
In a declarative or interrogative sentence, you always have a subject and a predicate,
and they need to agree. Here is a basic example:
Incorrect:
The three kids has chosen their

Section 1: The Reading Section
The critical reading section tests your ability to understand and analyze texts that
are given to you. These texts can range from a single sentence that you have to
complete to a page-long paper that you have to dissect. The

VERBAL SECTION ASSESSMENT
Now, its time to see what youve learned! Complete the following assessment, which
has questions just like youll see on the SSAT Verbal section, broken up into the
Synonym and Analogy question types. Check your answers using the g

Topic 5: Misplaced Modifiers
Modifiers help describe a noun in greater detail in the middle of a sentence. They include
single adjectives, multiple adjectives, or interrupting clauses. To be used properly, they
must agree with the noun and use the correct

Topic 9: Comparative/Contrasting Phrases
These sentences will become more common in the Improving Paragraphs section, but
they may also appear in Improving Sentences and Identifying Errors. Typically, they will
involve a statement with a comparative state

Roots of words and Word Families
Use stems, prefixes and other parts of words to figure out the meanings of words with
similar pieces. Instead of needing to recognize the entire word, you can focus on
familiar parts of words to define the whole word. Once

Verbal Section Summary:
You have now learned strategies that will help get you through the first scored section
on the SSAT. With the help of your tutor, you can review these strategies, recommended
word lists, and other vocabulary study resources. This p

Synonyms: Strategies and Practice
Analogies are the more complicated half of the Verbal section, at least in terms of testtaking strategies for breaking down questions. However, the vocabulary words in the
Synonyms questions will be just as difficult - an

The Personal SAT Prep Program
Welcome to Cardinal Scholars Personal S AT Prep Program! Our mission
in offering this unique program is to provide our students the chance to receive
preparation for the SAT that is completely customized to their own needs. W

Chapter 4: Writing Sample
We saved the discussion of the SSATs very first section until last for one main reason:
its un-scored. You must complete the Writing Sample when you take the SSAT, but it
will in no way affect the scores that you send to schools.

Topic 8: Wordiness
The SAT loves to use wordy sentence to confuse you! Heres an example:
Incorrect:
In areas in which there are frequent storms and sometimes floods, it is
important for those residing near bodies of water to have sandbags.
Correct:
In are

Section 2: The Math Section
The Test
The Math Section of the SAT is all about the ability to think critically and quickly
without being careless. The math concepts tested do not include anything past
Algebra II, but often ask questions in tricky formats.

Finding Angles
Many SAT questions deal with finding angles. These questions come in a variety
of forms, but remembering the principles of supplementary and complementary
angles will help make solving these questions easy.
Complementary angles are angles t

Variables and Equations
Variables are letters or symbols that represent a number. On the SAT you will see
variables used in problems, or need to make your own to help solve a problem.
For example, if we have
we can see right away that must represent the n

Ratios and Percentages
Ratios
Ratios are just one number divided by another number. For example, is a ratio.
Ratios are often used to compare two large numbers. For example, if I have 200
bananas, and my friend has 50, the ratio of my bananas to his banan

Geometry
Triangles: Area
The formula for the area of a triangle is . This can sometimes be trickier than it
seems, however.
For example, for the triangle here, the base is simply the bottom side (you can
actually choose any side for the base; more on this

Inequalities
Basics of Inequalities
Another part of the mathese dictionary deals with inequalities, which compare
the values on either side of them.
Symbol
<
>
Meaning
less than
greater than
less than or equal to
greater than or equal to
We read inequalit

Functions
Functions are really just implementations of the things we were doing with variables and
equations in the last chapter. A function is simply something that represents a
transformation of a number. You put a number in, the function performs some

The SAT Essay
Unlike your teachers in school, the SAT is not looking for the most clever, thoughtful
essays. Instead, the SAT evaluates your ability to structure your essays, communicate
your ideas clearly, and use supporting examples to prove your point.

Topic 3: Adjective versus Adverb
Many students have trouble differentiating between adjectives and adverbs. An adjective
modifies a noun (a happy smile, a smart kid, a quick runner) and an adverb modifies a
verb or an adjective (smiling happily, working i

Mean, Median, Mode
The mean, median, and mode are numbers that are used to summarize a set of
numbers.
The mean is the average; it is the sum of all the numbers in the set divided by the
size of the set.
The median is the number in the middle if we arrang

Reading Graphs
The SAT often has questions that deal with reading pictorial graphs, such as bar
charts, pie charts, and pictograms.
For example:
A camping shop sells tents, sleeping bags and backpacks.
This chart shows how many of each they sold in June.

Sequences
Many questions on the SAT deal with finding patterns in sequences of numbers.
Two of the most common types of sequences are arithmetic and geometric.
Arithmetic sequences: For each step, you increase or decrease the value by a
constant amount.
F

Logic
The trick to logic problems on the SAT is writing down everything we know. An
important extra piece is making sure that we make note of the things that we
dont know. Then we can go through the answers, eliminating the ones that are
not possible. Her

Data Tables
Data table problems on the SAT often rely more on understanding what is being
asked than youre ability to do math.
The most important thing is making sure you know EXACTLY what the question
is asking for, and EXACTLY what each number is repres

Topic 2: Verb Tense
Sentences written about the same period of time must have either the same or correctly
corresponding verb tenses. The SAT will often try to confuse you with incorrect verb
tenses, especially in sentences with more than one clause or ph

Probability
Probability questions on the SAT often require the formula:
This means adding up all of the possible ways that an event occurred, and
adding up the total possible outcomes. For example:
A special lottery is to be held to select the student who