Lecture 1 Notes:
What does avant-garde mean? Is this the same thing as modern art?
-Advance guard of an army
-Etymology actually can be traced back to old French of
-First came into use in connection with art in the writings of the
Lecture 3 Notes:
-Italian movement, literary in origin, grew to embrace painting, sculpture,
photography and architecture
-Key text: Le Futurisme by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti
-Intention was to reject the past, to revolutionize culture and make it
Lecture 4 Notes: Einsteins Theory
-uses film as tool for social change, not as escapist entertainment
-Eisenstein associated with constructivism
-Battleship Potemkin project was assigned to E
Lecture 5 Notes: Kandinsky
What do you know about Kandinsky?
-German avant-garde, Blaue Reiter Gruppe. early German
-Abstract, synthesis of color, line and form over representation
Lecture 2 Notes: Beginnings of the Communist Party
Manifesto of the Communist Party (German Edition 1872)
What is the bourgeoisie?
What is revolutionary about the bourgeoisie?
-bourgeoisie is subtended by constant revolutionizing of relations of
Lecture 6 Notes: Women in Mass Culture
What does it mean for woman to be mass cultures other?
-Women identified with masses. both are political threat
How did Nietzsche describe this threat of public culture?
Lecture 9 Notes: Extra Measures
Who are characters?
What are scenes?
What is plot?
-Narrative recounts the measures taken to deal with an upstart
What do you think this play is about?
-Individual (young comrade) vs. collective Dont fall prey
Lecture 10 Notes: Samuel Beckett
-Winner of the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1969.
-He wrote in both French and English and is perhaps best
known for his plays, especially En attendant Godot (1952;
Lecture 8 Notes: Common Features
Peter Brger, Theory of the Avant-garde 
-Art into life
What is, for Peter Brger, the historical avant-garde?
Dada, Surrealism, Russian avant-garde after October revolution
What are the common features?
-Do not reject
Lecture 7 Notes: Context of WW1
Peter Brger argues that autonomous art movements are not the same as the
Autonomous: bourgeois, art for arts sake, affirmative
Avant-garde: rooted in socialist tradition, response to WWI and Bolshevi