Dismal history of 3rd Parties in the U.S.
Only four third party candidates even got 10% of the vote.
Kinds of Third Parties
1. Candidate vehicles
1912 Bull Moose Party Use Teddy Roosevelt as a vehicle candidate
1968 American Independent Par
Arguments in Favor:
1. Responsive Citizen Politicians
2. Institution Courage
3. Break the Hold of $
2. Loss of expertise
3. Too Much Power to Unelected Staff
U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton No term limits fo
Supreme Court Appointments
Advise and Consent: The Role of the Senate
Overwhelming Number of Appointments are Confirmed
Partisan Makeup of the Senate
Appointment of Cronies - Close friends or advisers is likely to be turned down
Appointment of Current Se
Redistribution of seats between states after each census (every 10 years). - Based on population
electoral votes and representatives seats would change as population changes.
Take seats from states the grown less and give it to states tha
Original Jurisdiction The case starts in that court. 94 district courts Federal courts hear
Appellate Jurisdiction Only hears cases on appeal. Case is based on a constitutional question,
most of the time.
Municipal Courts Magistrate Court
Delegation of Powers
Delegating Regulatory Authority
The Legislative Veto Congress gives different executive agencies authority, but one house can
veto the agencys' authority.
INS v. Chadha, 1983 Chadha parents was from India and was born in Kenya but bo
Final vote on passage
The Role of Conference Committees Gets two version of the same bill to be identical.
Presidential Veto and the Veto Override
Congress vs. The President
War Making (Art. I, Section 8)
Congress shall have the power:
To declare War. an
Political Parties in America
Why do we have political parties?
1. They mobilize the electorate.
2. The educate the electorate.
3. They provide a structure of opportunity.
4. The organize government.
5. The provide collective responsibility.
Types of Committees
Standing Committees most important committee that is there everyday to deal with important
Select Committees Investigates scandals, temporary committee.
Joint Committee Brings together senate and representative.