Chapter 20: Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, and Philemon
1. Ephesus was the center of pagan worship and was the site of the temple of Artemis.
2. A clue to the purpose for Paul's writing of Ephesians is found in a number of references
Discuss Jesus' teaching on
the kingdom and how he
related himself to it.
God created the world and the human
race, cares for the inanimate and animate
order, is involved in human affairs, works
according to a plan, and is establishing his
kingdom. Jesus c
December 9, 2011
Throughout my life, I have considered myself to be a strong and obedient
Christian. On a day-to-day basis I pray, usually read my Bible, try my best to understand
what it means to live lov
Chapter 11: Modern Study of the Gospels
Marcan Hypothesis Hypothesis that Mark was the first written Gospel and a primary source for both
Matthew and Luke.
Q From the German, Quelle, source. Designates a hypothetical document that contained pri
Chapter 8: Man From Galilee
Nisan The first month of the year in the Hebrew calendar; it corresponds to March/April. Jesus died
on the fourteenth of Nisan.
Feast of Passover Annual Jewish festival held on Nisan 14 (March/April of the Jewish cal
Chapter 13: The World and Identity of the Early Church
pax romana Latin phrase meaning the Roman Peace. This period of peace, which lasted three
hundred years, began with the consolidation of the Roman Empire in the first century B.C. The pax
Chapter 12: The Modern Search for Jesus
Demythologizing Reinterpretation of biblical images so as to provide self-understanding acceptable
to the modern scientific mind. This technical term, coined by Hans Jonas, appeared in the biblical
Chapter 15: Acts 8-12
Salvation for both Jew and Gentile
Centurion Commander of a hundred men (a century) in a Roman legion. He was typically a
prestigious member of a small military governing class; a high-ranking centurion held a position
Chapter 17: All Things to All People
Abba The intimate Aramaic word for father used exclusively by Jesus (Mk 14:36) and the early
Christians for God (Rom 8:15; Gal 4:16). It is not found in ancient Jewish writings.
Eschatology That division of
Chapter 14: Acts 1-7
Historical Narrative A sequential recounting of events, particularly focused on their nature and
1. The Book of Acts was written by Luke probably no later than the early A.D. 60s.
2. Acts is disting
Chapter 16: Acts 13-28
The Light of Christ to the Ends of the Earth
Procurator Roman official appointed by the emperor to oversee his affairs, especially financial, in
one of the provinces. In the case of Judea the procurator also acted as gove
Chapter 18: Romans
Early Christians seemed to have arranged the Pauline letters roughly in the order of their length.
An impetus for the Protestant Reformation was the Book of Romans as interpreted by Luther.
Chapter 24: Revelation
1. The Book of Revelation is difficult to study because of the number of visions; there are over
sixty of them.
2. An apocalyptic literary style is highly symbolic.
3. The author of Revelation calls himself John.
Chapter 23: Peter, John, and Jude
1. The Babylon of 1 Pt 5:13 is probably the city of Rome.
2. The persecution referred to in 1 Peter was probably at the hands of Domitian or possibly earlier.
3. The believer is presented in 1 Peter as a
Chapter 19: Corinthians and Galatians
1. Considerable difficulty in maintaining a consistent Christian life-style was experienced by
Christians in the city of Corinth.
2. The city of Corinth was famous for its trade and its immorality.
Chapter 10: Modern Approaches to the New Testament
Hermeneutical Term derived from a Greek word meaning to interpret. It designates the science
and art of interpreting a text. It includes exegesis and concerns both what the text meant originall
Chapter 7: John
Synoptic Term applied to Matthew, Mark, and Luke because they contain similar material and look at
Jesus' life from roughly the same perspective, emphasizing the Galilean ministry of Jesus. The Gospel
of John relates primarily t
Kingdom The sovereign reign or rule of God; it was the essence of Jesus' teaching. It was
inaugurated by Jesus' first coming and will be consummated at his second coming. It refers to the full
sweep of God's redemptive activity.
Parable Story u
New Testament Study Guide
Ch. 22 (James)
James summarizes the Christian life by urging his readers to devote their lives to
God with a singleness of purpose that reflects their faith. Faith must be active; it
cannot be simply an assent to doctrines (If y
Obeying God rather than people
Unity of Jews and Gentiles
Conflict in the Church
Living in community
Acts is about the spread of the gospel in Jerusalem and in all of Judea, then to Samaria
and Antioch culminating with Paul
A newer theory that focuses on what
happens to the reader as he or she reads id
A rationalistic attitude began with
scholars in universities and seminaries in
According to Jude, a crucial issue
contending for the faith
James vs. Paul Justification/Faith/Works
Paul stresses that the foundation of our salvation is the death of Jesus, not the laws
of Moses. James stresses that Christians must put their faith into concrete action. James
says that faith without work is usele
1. Part of handling the NT properly is understanding modern approaches to it.
2. Scholars like Augustine, Calvin, Luther, Bengel, and Wesley struggled to interpret the
Bible in a reasoned and intellectually responsible fash
After the death of Herod the
Great, Jesus' parents took
him back to _, where he
Charges were brought against
Jesus to Pilate and Herod by
Discuss the ministry of John
the Baptist as Jesus'
Like Old Testa
All the references that
emphasize that Jesus is the
embodiment of transcendent
diving attributes have roots in
Fundamental to the Gospel
of John is the principle of
How does John emphasize
Jesus' divine essence?
Every event in the life
of Christ was a
fulfillment of Old
How does Mathew
depict Jesus as the
His public ministry was directed
toward instructing the people. He
took every advantage of every
opportunity to lead them into a
Describe how Jesus'
diving sonship is
developed in Mark.
All the preliminaries of Jesus' birth
and early years are skipped over,
moving quickly to Jesus' baptism by
John, where God himself tells us
who Jesus is.
written before A.D.
How does Luke describe
his writing of his Gospel?
Rather than being upset with
Theophilus for wanting to know the
facts, Luke did the research work
necessary to assure him of the
certainty, reliability, of the things he
had been taught.
How does Luke
By the time three of the
Gospels were written, the
Word of God had spread
across the _.
Cite five reasons why the
Gospels were written.
The speed and extent of the spread of the gospel
message, as time went on the gospels aged and
Background to Study of the NT.
A. Historical Background. Why is it necessary?
Their culture is different than ours.
OT Background. Why? You cant be just a NT Christian b/c it often
quotes the OT. There is a connection between the two. He is fulfi