Lab 8 Practice: Errors in Inference
In this lab we explore properties of hypothesis tests and confidence intervals when sampling distribution
assumptions are and are not satisfied. In this lab, we consider the data set provided to be the entire
CHAPTER 9: SELF-IMPOSED CONDITIONS THAT LEAD TO COMMITTING
Notes: Nick Fotion
These are conditions that lead a person to fool him/herself as against ones where someone else is
playing tricks on you.
1. Deprivation fallacy. If you have been depri
SHORT TRUTH TABLES
Copy down the premises and the conclusion into a table.
C ) ~A
Make it so the conclusion is false, effectively assigning truth or falsehood to the variables
C ) ~A
T ) F THIS IS A FALSE
There are three ways of thinking: 1. Observations: gives us new ways of thinking. 2. Inductive- It
arrives at conclusions, based on observations (usually repeated observations). 3. Deductive-This
kind of thinking manipulated information we hav
CHAPTER 12: Casual Reasoning
Casual reasoning inductive reasoning in which some effect is inferred from what is
assumed to be its cause, or some cause is inferred from what is assumed to be its effect.
Necessary condition a circumstance (or set of circums
Professor Nick Fotion
Intro to Logic
Fall Semester 2012
1. 9/18/12- (The United States government is very clearly on the record against targeted
assassinations. They are extrajudicial killings, and we do not support that.- U.S.
FALLACIES (AND/OR FLAWS) IN THINKING
1. Denying the antecedent of an if-then premise and then denying the consequent (in the
conclusion of an argument). We can call this the pseudo modus ponens fallacy.
Example: You know that if there is
Advertisement #1: Appeal to Inappropriate Authority, Fallacy of Defective Induction
An Appeal to Inappropriate Authority fallacy occurs when a claim is made by a
source that has no expertise on the subject in question. In this Wrangler jeans
2. a. Less Probable: Disanalogy- They will now be playing with a different
More Probable: Variety of the PremisesPlaying games at both
home and on the road, the team proves they can succeed anywhere.
Neither: IrrelevanceNobel Priz
1. I think that this passage deals with the missing the point fallacy.
Clearly, what Chirac said was not particularly intelligent, but he tried
to justify it by explaining that it would have been acceptable had it
been off the record.
2. Argument against
1. Fallacy of Composition: This is because hes taking the attributes of the parts
(planets) and deciding that they must apply to the whole (Solar System). Just
because planets are spherical, it does not mean that the solar system is too.
2. Fallacy of A
PHIL 100-001 Basic Problems in Philosophy
What constitutes a virtuous person?
Both Aristotle and Machiavelli were great philosophers at their age, and their
thoughts about how to constitute a virtuous person have be
Sep 30, 2011
Due: October 3, 2011, 4 pm
(1) Say whether the following disputes are genuine, merely verbal or apparently-verbal-butgenuine:
(a) X: Todays professional athletes are overpaid. Many of them make millions of dollars a
HW-Pass-Fail-3: Send to firstname.lastname@example.org. Due
October 30, 2011 at 4pm via EMAIL. Scan the diagrams
and attach it to the email - ask the librarian about
scanning, etc. NOTE: HW-Pass/Fail has been designed
for your own safety (see where you stand before a
HW-Pass/Fail 4 Answers
I. (a) What are singular propositions? How are they supposed to be translated
into standard-form propositions?
Ans. Singular propositions are propositions that are saying something about a
unique individual/situation/time/place (so:
HW-Pass/Fail 4: [Due 29th November, 11pm: Ill post the answers immediately after that]
I. (a) What are singular propositions? How are they supposed to be translated into standardform propositions?
Ans. Singular propositions are propositions that are sayin
HW-Pass/Fail 1 [Kumar: Introduction to Logic, Fall 2012]
September 14, 2012
Instructions: You will get a pass or fail grade on this assignment
(see syllabus for details). Send the completed work by Monday, Sep
17, 8pm to email@example.com.
If youre doing
October 5, 2012
Due: October 8, 2012, 10PM
(1) Say whether the following disputes are genuine, merely
verbal or apparently-verbal-but-genuine:
(a) X: Todays professional athletes are overpaid. Many of
them make millions of dollars a year.
1. Fallacy of Composition: This is because hes taking the attributes of
the parts (planets) and deciding that they must apply to the whole
(Solar System). Just because planets are spherical, it does not mean
that the solar system is too.
2. Fallacy of A
1. Fallacy of Equivocation: Clearly, they meant using the firearm for
trading purposes. But the statute took it to say using the firearm, as
in he shot somebody.
3) Begging the Question: Miss Alabama continually uses the premise in
her conclusion as a bas
-can have same form but different content. (x or y. not x, therefore y.)
-validity doesnt refer to content.
To get things right
-A typical piece of thinking has to have info that is true or right; and involve
deductions that ar
3. Directive speech act.
a. Suzy Please get the coffee Johnny
b. Get off your rear end and get to work.
c. I order you to leave right now. Context: orders dont work unless
theres a setting. Settings: academic, military, business, religious
v. I think Bill is in the bedroom with Miss. Floozy. Assertion because
youre talking about whats going on in your brain. What youre thinking
is that theyre in the bedroom together so its another assertion. The ISA is
an assertion as well.
vi. I wo
1. Fallacy of Presumption-Accident-It falls under this category because
the author makes his conclusion unjustifiably. There are too many
generalizations in the passage to make this kind of conclusion.
2. Fallacy of Presumption-Complex Questi
1. Composition: here he is taking that because the parts (planets) are spherical that
there fore the entire universe must be spherical. This is composition because you
cant make an assumption about the entire universe based on just a couple planets.