Chapter 4: Who Is Most Likely to Engage in Delinquency
Is Social Class Related To Delinquency?
Early Studies Based On Arrest Data
Virtually every early study found that lower-class communities had much higher arrest
rats than higher-class communities. On
Chapter 2: How is Delinquency Measured?
Three major ways of measuring the extent of and trends in delinquency official
statistics, self-report data, and victimization data.
Official Statistics Especially Arrest Data From the Police
- official statistics i
Chapter 1: What is Delinquency and How Does It Differ From Adult Crime?
Juvenile Delinquency refers to violations of the criminal law by minors.
We tend to view juvenile delinquents differently than adult criminals.
- If a juvenile breaks the law, we gene
Chapter 13 Individual Traits: What Impact Do Individual Traits Have on
Make sure you read up on the different theories as they are extremely important to
Are Juveniles with Certain Traits More Likely to Engage in Delinquency?
Class Notes: 10/1/2012
Basic idea of Social learning theory you learn to be delinquent from others.
- taught by family, friends, peers in school, mass media and so forth. Social
learning theory says we particularly learn from family and friends but the la
Class Notes: 9/24/2012
Factors cause delinquency?
Civil rights, feminist, gay guys movement. White males use to be superior. Increase now
in movements, white men struggling have to fight back. Deserve to be on top now
somebody take white country back.
Thursday 6 pm
The reaction to delinquency can lead to further delinquency.
Can increase strain since they have trouble achieving their goals, increases their social
learning since they hang with others and have a hard time fi
Class Notes 9/10/2012
How much delinquency is there, and is delinquency increasing?
The numbers/key points you should know.
- In the class outline under Trends in Delinquency these show the only numbers
you need to memorize and know. 2nd slide.
How much d
Sociology 220: Juvenile Delinquency
Class Notes 8/31/2012
JD Delinquency and Difference from adult crime
JD refers to violations of the criminal law by minors or juveniles
Most states 18 (minor) 10 states (GA) 17 and 2 states (16)
JD view different than a
All theories contain an independent variable, a dependent variable, and _conditioning
IV, DV, conditioning variable.
What is a conditioning variable? (4)
specify the conditions under which the independent variable is most likely
to cause th
List the THREE major ways that criminologists gather data to test their theories
or explanations of delinquency (list separately and number; it is not necessary to
describe each way). (6)
surveys, field studies, experiments
Why is it important to collect
Chapter 9: Labeling Theory: Does the Reaction to Delinquency Lead to Further
Labeling theory focuses on the reaction to delinquency: both the official reaction by the
justice system and the informational reaction by parents, peers, teachers a
Chapter 8 Control Theory: Do Weak Controls Result in Delinquency?
Control theorists begin with the question why do juveniles conform?
Unlike strain and social learning theorists, control theorists take the existence of
delinquency for granted.
Chapter 7: Social Learning Theory
Do Individuals Learn to be Delinquent from Others?
Social learning theory says that juveniles learn to engage in delinquency from others.
These others reinforce juveniles for delinquency, teach them beliefs that are
Chapter 6: Strain Theory Does Strain or Stress Cause Delinquency
According to strain theory, when juveniles experience strain or stress, they become
upset, and they sometimes engage in delinquency as a result.
Strain is not the only reason that juveniles
Chapter 5: What is a Theory and How Do We Test Theories?
A theory is an attempt to explain something or describe the causes of something.
Criminologists theories are drawn on large bodies of information (their experiences and
previous theories and researc
Chapter 3: How Much Delinquency Is There and Is Delinquency Increasing?
How Many Juveniles Are Arrested and What Are They Arrested For?
Arrest data vastly underestimates the extent of delinquency because most delinquent acts
do not come to the attention o