Piaget was a Swiss theorist who posited that children learn actively through the play process.
He suggested that the adult's role in helping the child learn was to provide appropriate materials
for the child to interact and construct.
He would use Socrati
Different Conflicts among theories
Why do we need research?
Domains and Periods of Development
Chap 1- The study of human development
- Victor, the wild boy, was studied by Itard because he believed the boy was not memtally
retarded but unable to carry out basic social skills because he had been socially isolated for
a long time
- Victor came to le
Chapter 12) School as a Context for Development
1. The contexts of learning
a. Formal education: the most structured type of explicit instruction through which adults instruct the
young in the specialized knowledge and skills of their culture
Chapter 14) physical and cognitive development in adolescence
Adolescents and society
a. Historical views
i. Literature from the Middle Ages onward is filled with images of young people as passionate, sensual and
b. Adolescents in moder
Chapter 7: Language Acquisition
a. A symbolic system of enormous scope and power
b. One of the most significant means of preserving and passing on a cultures knowledge, values, and beliefs
c. Profoundly affects development because it organi
CHAPTER 9- Social and Emoitonal Development in Early Childhood
Socialization- process by thich children acquire the standards, value and knowledge of their
Personality formation- The process through which children develop their own unique pattern
Chapter 8. Physical and Cognitive Development in Early Childhood
a. See young children as being at a certain stage at a certain level of cognitive competence, which they have attained
as a result of general processes of change phy
Chapter 11- Physical and Cognitive development in Middle Childhood
A. Physical and Motor Development
1. Size and strength increase significantly during middle childhood, although more slowly than
2. Children are on average about 39 inches ta
CHAPTER 10: Contexts of Development
- Major contexts of children's development begins with the more immediate and personal
contexts of family and child care. We consider the broader contexts of neighborhoods and
communitites before discussing what may be
Chapter 13- Social and Emotional Development in Middle Childhood
A. A New Sense of Self
1. Industry versus Inferiority- According to Eriksons theory, the stages during which children judge themselves
to be industrious and successfully meeting the new chal
Vygotsky was a theorist who worked during the first decades of the former Soviet
Union. He posited that children learn through hands-on experience, as Piaget suggested.
However, unlike Piaget, he claimed that timely and sensitive intervention by adults wh
In accordance with his view that the sexual drive is a basic human motivation, Sigmund
Freud developed a psychosexual theory of human development from infancy onward,
divided into five stages. Each stage centered around the gratification of the libido wit
Although developmental change runs parallel with chronological age, age itself cannot
cause development. The basic mechanisms or causes of developmental change are
genetic factors and environmental factors. Genetic factors are responsible for cellular
Milestones are changes in specific physical and mental abilities (such as walking and
understanding language) that mark the end of one developmental period and the beginning of
For stage theories, milestones indicate a stage transi
Receptive language, the understanding of others' speech, has a gradual development
beginning at about 6 months.
However, expressive language, the production of words, moves rapidly after its
beginning at about a year of age, with a "vocabulary explosion"
Although the role of adult discourse is important in facilitating the child's learning, there
is considerable disagreement amongst theorists about the extent to which children's early
meanings and expressive words arises directly fro
Although there are a large number of studies contemplating the effect of maternal
depression and postnatal depression of various areas of infant development, they are yet
to come to consensus regarding the true effects. There are numerous studies indicati
Social deficits distinguish autism and the related autism spectrum disorders (ASD;
see Classification) from other developmental disorders.
People with autism have social impairments and often lack the intuition about others that
many people take for grant
Autism is one of the five pervasive developmental disorders (PDD), which are
characterized by widespread abnormalities of social interactions and communication, and
severely restricted interests and highly repetitive behavior.
These symptoms do not imply
205 Essays for Essay 1
1. Describe in general terms the kind of research method you would use if you wanted to
study how exposure to words on television causes toddlers vocabulary to expand (33).
I would use naturalistic observation to study how exposure
Psych. 205 Review Sheet for Final Exam, Fall 2013
You will have 70 multiple choice items. You are responsible for all text book chapters, the last
two group presentations, and all lectures. You are not responsible for the two films. In order to
do well yo
What have we learned already?