Opiates & Opioids
- Opium poppy: flowers produces seed pod latex sap
o Latex sap= raw opium
- Consumption: eating or smoking
o Analgesia= any pain reduction
o Euphoria/ reverie= dream-like state; warm & fuzzy feeling
Basis of high
Opiates and Opioids
The opium poppy
o Meaning sleepy
o One of the things that people that take these opiates run into, is
Its a plant with a pretty flower, and the flower produces a seed pod, come
along with a knife and mak
Hypnotics also have a reputation of being less addictive than
benzodiazepines. Melatonin, a naturally-occurring hormone, is often used over the
counter (OTC) to treat insomnia and jet lag.
This hormone appears to
All antipsychotic substances, except clozapine, are relatively potent postsynaptic
dopamine receptor blockers (dopamine antagonists).
All of the effective antipsychotics, except clozapine, act on t
Antidepressants reduce symptoms of mood disorders primarily through the
regulation of norepinephrine and serotonin (particularly the 5-HT receptors).
After chronic use, neurons adapt to the change
Alcohol as a Depressant
Alcohol is a depressant, the effects of which may vary according to dosage
amount, frequency, and chronicity.
As a member of the sedative-hypnotic class, at the lowest doses, the individua
Hallucinogens cause perceptual and cognitive distortions without delirium.
The state of intoxication is often called a trip.
Onset is the first stage after an individual ingests (LSD, psilocybin, or
Cannabis consumption produces a dose-dependent state of intoxication in humans.
There is commonly increased blood flow to the skin, which leads to sensations of
warmth or flushing, and heart rate is also increase
Mouse party website
CSF- Cerebral spinal fluid
*Vocabulary of Pharmacology
o Logy- the word/study
o Branch of medicine concerned with the study of drug action
Humans have used marijuana for a couple thousand years
Used for different reasons
o Consuming it
o Hemp- major crop, used to make fabric and rope
During the civil war it was encouraged in Virginia
George Washington was growing hemp
Stages of Addiction: Stages 3 and 4
Drugs and Behavior
Stage 3: Associating the Drug with
Kilts, Gross, Ely, and Drexler (Emory study, 2004): Script-Driven
Imagery for a PET Study of Crack Cocaine-Dependent Humans
Its Friday afternoo
Vocabulary of Pharmacology
Drugs and Behavior
Neuropharmacology: the study of the effect of
drugs on the nervous system.
Psychopharmacology: the study of the effect of
drugs on the mind. (Often, behavior is used
instead of mind.)
Schizophrenia & Antipsychotic Drugs
- Criteria for Schizophrenia: (2 or more for most of 1 month)
o Positive symptoms:
Hallucinations (can be visual, but most common are auditory)
Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavio
Prof. Darryl Neill / office 404-727-7445 (seldom there, but has voice mail), lab 404-727-6450 (there most of
the time but doesnt have voice mail) / email@example.com (looks at all the time)
Psychology 323: Drugs and Behavior
Lecture Sequence, Spring, 2015
Addiction psychiatry encompasses both medicine and psychotherapy, or professional
therapeutic interaction, as the means of treating individuals. However, not all substance
addictions contain approved medication f
In order to become a certified addiction psychiatrist one must first have completed
medical school and further be certified as a general psychiatrist.
Next, general psychiatrists must commit themselves to a ACGME
A somewhat controversial application of psychopharmacology is "cosmetic psychiatry."
Persons who do not meet criteria for any psychiatric disorder are nevertheless prescribed
Amphetamines tend to cause the same behavioral and subjective effects of cocaine.
Various forms of amphetamine are commonly used to treat the symptoms of attention
deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and narcol