a. In the Desceliers map of 1550, over 20 vignettes with text were placed
around the map to provide general information and mythology about their
a.i. Ethiopia was said to be divided between Moors and Christians.
b. Monstrous inhabitants are
I. African Continent
a. Jean Ango was one of the most powerful ship owners in France in the
sixteenth century. He traded spices.
a.i. He defied the Treaty of Tordesillas (1494) which divided the newly
discovered world into areas controlled by Portugal and
a. Accounts from the landing of the first BA slaves in Portugal in 1444
portray it as a spectacle.
a.i. Workers were released early to be awed at the naked and chained
a.ii. When separated from family members, slaves cried intensely.
a. Questions that this book addresses are whether racism existed in RE
despite the fact that people of this period had little conception of the term
a.i. While scientific racism didnt begin until the 1800s, other
traditional racism could have existe
a. Fascism in Europe has delayed the study of RE black Africans.
a.i. The fact that many of them were poor also made them not
considered a topic that would respond well to scholarly
b. The difficulties of research on black Africans in RE ar
I. Kate lowe
a. Kate Lowe conceptualized this booking whiling writing her previous
book. At that time she realized the lack of research on black Africans in
15th and 16th century Europe.
a.i. As such, she organized a conference with Tom Earle in Oxford in
a. Many 17th c. pro-slavery advocates justified their stance with Aristotles
Politics despite the major difference between Greco-Roman slavery and
b. Edward Long asserted that the power of the master over the slave reflected
I. Roman Influences on Slavery in America
a. Roman law was divided into Public and Private Law.
a.i. Private law, based on natural law, regulated slavery.
a.ii. Aristotle wrote that there are two classes of people: slave and nonslave.
He found sla
a. In the 1720s, abolitionist Anthony Benezet criticized the self-fulfilling
prophecy that blacks were content in their slave conditions.
a.i. He cited slave-owners evidence that slaves are content because
they dont complain. He
Relationships with Negroes
a. Sexual relations between negresses and white men were more common
than those between the converse.
a.i. As early as the 16th century white men were said to be sexually
fixated on black women.
a.ii. Blacks involved in both