a. Stage 5: Insemination
a.i. During insemination, sperm is placed in a catheter, which is inserted into
the vagina and the sperm is ejected very close to or inside the uterus,
maximizing chance of fertilization.
Then the woman sits for around 20 m
I. A New Conception Continuum
a. Stage 1
a.i. The options along the artificial insemination continuum are not all equally
a.ii. For instance, a woman over 30 has a much lower chance of finding a
husband to have a child with due to ageism.
I. Surrogacy in Israel As A Cultural Anomaly
a. In Israel the option of not becoming a mother is virtually non-existent.
b. The Israeli surrogacy law of 1996 made Israel the first and only country in the
world where all surrogacy contracts are publicly le
I. Negotiating the Guidelines
a. The Israeli Association of Obstetrics and Gynecology (IAOG) does not prescribe
AMN to low-risk pregnancies.
b. They prescribe that all women under 35 with low-risk pregnancies should undergo
the triple maker test.
c. The g
I. Pregnancy as a High-Risk Gamble
a. All Israeli pregnancies are envisioned to be high-risk, adding to womens anxiety.
b. Israeli OBGYNs speak as if the fetal abnormalities are the mothers problems
inherently, which increases anxiety.
c. Women become hys
I. The Jewish Diseases
a. The geneticists who created the Program for the Prevention of Inborn
Abnormalities did so in order to lower the populations prevalence of
traditionally Ashkenazi genetic diseases.
b. Geneticists interestingly call them Jewish dis
I. The National Politics of Reproduction and Israeli Prenatal Care
a. Ultra-orthodox Jews and Arabs have the highest fertility rates, which exacerbate
the demographic threat to Israeli Jews.
b. Israel subsidizes healthcare so that its citizens get free pr
I. A Joint Venture for Moderation Deliberating the Prohibition of Genetic Intervention
a. This law in 1997 attempted to ban cloning in humans and animals and duplication
of genetic traits of humans that did not intend to heal or prevent disease.
I. Demographic Engineering: Pro-Natalism and the Demographic Threat
a. The pronatalist narrative can be explained by the fact that Israel became a state
before it became a society.
b. In order to maintain the classification of a Jewish state, Israel must
I. Israeli Regulations and Jewish Law
a. In 1998 the Knesset unanimously passed the prohibition of Genetic Intervention
Law, which proposed a 5-year moratorium on human cloning to produce children
and germ line therapy that permanently changes a persons g