a. As is common with the promotional literature for Elizabethan colonizing
ventures, Ralegh envisions exploration abroad as a method for escaping
the financial frustration of English discontents.
a.i. These subjects, rather than their queen, can emulate t
a. Ralegh writes about the Amazons of SA who break the gender rules of
Europe by excluding men.
b. Amazons are said to be cruel and brutal.
c. Amazonian culture inverts European norms of political authority, sexual
license, marriage, childrearing, and inh
a. Some charged Sir Ralegh with never actually sailing to Guiana due to the
lack of evidence/profit of his trip.
a.i. Ralegh followed the footsteps of the Spaniards in his voyage to
b. Dozens of Spaniards had failed to find El Dorado.
a. Even though Arthur Barlowe wrote about the civility of the Natives during
his visit to America at the charge of Sir Walter Ralegh, their simple alien
religion warranted their dispossession of NA even before Raleghs
b. Virginia was named to
a. By the 1570s in Western Europe, American was beginning to be
personified by the image of a female nude with feathered headdress.
a.i. A popular example is Jan van der Straets drawing of Vespuccis
discovery of America.
a.ii. In this painting Vespucci vi
a. Anna Falconbridge, an English 18th c. abolitionist, yearned for cultural
relativism by noting that long breasts in Sierra Leone were considered
b. Edward Long presented slavery as the only method for civilization of
savage Africans in his 17
a. African physically is constructed as something that European corsets
b. Culture and physicality are linked as Robert Burton posits that Africans
have flat noses because their noses knock against mothers backs while
a. After a voyage to Guinea in 1554, John Lok described Africans as people
of beastly living, locating proof of this in womens behavior.
a.i. Women are held common, no chastity, etc.
b. Traders to the New Worlds were adept at using symbols for primitivism
a. Italian traveler Girolamo Benzoni, in the History of the New World, wrote
that indigenous women in America blackened their faces with makeup,
wore earrings that made their ears hang to their shoulders, and wear nose
a.i. These forms of cosmetics
I. Laboring Woman
a. African women didnt interpret their features as peculiar to their race until
they came into contact with Europeans.
b. For English slaveowners, the notion of perpetual hereditary slavery was
c. Linking blackness with brut
a. Rothman opposes surrogacy as a feminist.
b. She wants to differentiate her opposition to surrogacy from that of those
from religious perspectives.
c. Religious representative oppose surrogacy from a patriarchal point of
I. Social Movements
a. Two new groups joined the bioethicists in the prenatal testing debate.
a.i. Feminists who were concerned about the medical control over
womens childbirth experience.
a.ii. Disability rights activists concerned with the eugenics invo
I. Genetic Services and the Law
a. There have been two kind of suits in the area of prenatal genetic testing:
a.i. The wrongful-birth: parents sue their doctors because they didnt
tell them that the fetus would have abnormalities. The standard of
I. Eugenics and Genetization
a. Francis Galtons idea of eugenics in 1883 was tied to the idea that a
persons internal characteristics could be determined by external variation.
b. Eugenics resulted in attacks on pauperism in England, sterilization
I. Toward a Technological History of the Present
a. Miscarriage rates following amniocentesis dropped rapidly when AMN
was coupled with ultrasound to prevent injury to the fetus.
b. CVS (chorionic villus sampling) was first tested in 1960 as an alternativ
a. AMN is reassuringly routinized where it is administered.
b. Rapp has the conviction that health professionals are overstepping their
social limits through AMN.
b.i. They have entered a very complex debate that involves
transnational trade agreem
I. Pregnancy and Intentionality
a. The contingency of wombs upon divine blessing means that reproductive
agency is not entirely in human hands.
b. Blessing in a sense comparable with conceptions of luck or destiny in
womens narratives about reproductive a
I. Ambivalence and Community
a. Public health research has recognized the role of ambivalence in womens
reproductive decisions, which may render simple binary oppositions
between planned and unplanned pregnancies unworkable.
b. Many didnt feel right in su
I. Women and their Contraception
a. Mens agency was stressed by women in the need to choose fatherhood
and decisions about contraceptive use.
b. Anthropologists have found that public health policies, which focus on
contraceptive use for women, obscure th
I. Family Planning
a. Establishing a plausible model of womens agency in reproductive
decision-making is crucial to both public health and medical anthropology
a.i. Womens spirituality is crucial to these decisions often.
b. This paper is based
Maya Jordan WS 385 Sexual Identity February 7, 2005 LGBT Health Website Analysis
Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (LGBT) health issues are rarely addressed in the public eye. It is a common misconception that people who belong to the LGBT com
Kinsey 1. in school to be an engineer by his father's wishes 2. dropped out of school to be a biologist 3. father has a senior position at the school (patriarchal prick) 4. "not all sex has to be justified by love" Advice given to interviewers: Be re
WS 385 – Comeau
To Research or Not to Research?
Kinsey is a movie about a man named Alfred Kinsey. Kinsey begins his higher
education studies as an engineer and then realizes that his passion is biology. He begins
extensive research on the Gal Fly