Job analysis the process of getting detailed information about jobs.
o Job analysis has been called the building block of everything that the personnel
o Some of the human resource activities that use jobanalysis information inc
Although the hourly rate for a temp might be higher than for a permanent
employee, costs can be controlled through flexible staffing (i.e., if you do not
need the temp, there are no costs, compared to a fulltime employee who is paid
Early Retirement Programs and BuyoutsThe average age of the U.S worker is
getting older. Because of improved health of the older worker and decrease in
physical demand of the job individuals are able to work long past the traditional
Determining Labor Surplus or ShortageBy comparing forecasts for labor supply
and demand for specific jobs, the organization can determine what it needs to do.
Goal Setting and Strategic PlanningThese tools define specific goals regarding
IntroductionFirms and the workers they employ do not exist in a vacuum, as
indicated in the above vignette, create both constraints and opportunities, and
employers can respond in many ways. Keys to utilizing labor markets to the
The perceptual-motor approach to job design has its roots in the humanfactors
literature and focuses on human mental capabilities and limitations. The goal is
to design jobs in a way that ensures that they do not exce
The prescriptions of the motivational approach focus on increasing job
complexity through job enlargement, job enrichment, and the construction of jobs
around sociotechnical systems.
A model of how job design affects employee reaction is the Job
Instead of relying on fixed job titles and narrow task descriptions, the O*NET
uses a common language that generalizes across jobs to describe the abilities, work
styles, work activities, and work context required for various occupations that ar
Sources of Job Analysis Information
In general, it will be useful for the manager to go to the job incumbents to get the
most accurate information about what is actually done on the job. However, the
incumbents might exaggerate their job duties.
The Special Case of Affirmative Action Planning
Workforce utilization review is a comparison that examines the proportion of a
company's workers in a subgroup to the proportion that each subgroup
represents in the relevant labor market. This com