Intro to Geology Mr. David Bradley
Study sheet for Final Exam
The things on this sheet are not guaranteed to be on the test. These are the topics I feel important in
a. Physical properties cleavage, hardness, luster, smoking guns
CHAPTER 2: PLATE TECTONICS: THE UNIFYING THEORY
Plate tectonics involves the movement of _ and the _ acting on
volcanoes mountain chains rock
Plate tectonics explains the distribution of _, _, _ assemblages
_ _, _ _, and _ structur
Patterns in Nature: Minerals
What is a mineral?
A mineral is a naturally occurring solid, formed by geologic process that has a crystalline structure and a
definable chemical composition.
Naturally occurring: True minerals a
Exam 3- April 23
CHAPTER 7: DEFORMATION: MODIFICATION OF ROCKS BY FOLDING
Deformation _ torture) modifies rocks by _ (breaking) of
_ rocks and _ (bending) of _ rocks.
CHAPTER 8: CLOCKS IN ROCKS
Earths oldest known rocks formed about _ billion years ago and are
currently found in _ _.
These rocks are _ (metamorphic rocks).
Geologists uncover _ _ (_ distant past)
by studying _ in _
Clocks indicate _ of _ processes
CHAPTER 20: COASTLINES AND OCEAN BASINS
Waves and tides shape all coastlines.
The ocean basin is flat (featureless).
Coastal processes are driven by the climate and solar systems.
Most people live near coastlines.
CHAPTER 21: GLACIERS: THE WORK OF ICE
Glacial erosion creates a lot of sedimentary debris.
Ice currently covers _% of Earths surface.
21,000 years ago (last ice age), ice covered _% of Earth.
Many areas have been sculpted by glaciers.
Glacial _ drains int
Water Resources- chapter 10
1. Quality or quantity
a. Low temp
b. Max recharge
a. Opposite of above
a. Recharge= Discharge
b. What is an aquifer?
a. Layer of rocks or sediment that has high
Global Climate Change- Chapter 16
1. Weather vs. Climate
a. Earth is warming
b. Rate is accelerating over last 30 years
c. Due to humans or part of a natural cycle
d. Current greenhouse has input is not natural
2. Scientific debates
a. Exactly how will th
Conventional fossil fuels- Chapter 13
Forms of energy
a. Energy stored in chemical bonds
a. Due to vibrating atoms
a. From objects in motion
4. Potential kinetic
from an elevated mass
a. From splitting of fu
Coastal Hazards- chapter 9
1. Tropical cyclones
3. Coastal erosion
1. Storm surge- dome of water pushed on shore due to wind and decreased
2. High winds
3. River flooding
When wave base hits the seafloor
Alternative energy resource- Chapter 14
1. Nonconventional fossil fuels
a. Some already economically viable
b. Others require technology to be viable
b.i. Liquefy coal
b.ii. Heavy oils
Requires lots of energy