Find the area under the standard normal curve to the right of = -1.46 .
Write only a number as your answer. Round to 4 decimal places (for example 0.6148). Do not
write as a percentage.
0.6 / 0.6 points
Find the are
How did Andrew Jacksons personality and his political philosophy shape his Presidency and
his decision making?
o He sees himself as a Jeffersonian wanted to rededicate America back to this.
o Wanted limited government.
o Did not believe in what John Quin
1 / 1 point
Which of the following are binomial experiments? (More than one is possible).
A jar contains 5 blue marbles, 6 green marbles, and 3 red marbles. You randomly
select 2 marbles from the jar without replacement. The r
1) What is a sonnet? A volta? What are the three basic sonnet forms?
A sonnet is a form that combines a variable number of units of rhymed lines to make a 14-line poem,
usually in rhyming iambic pentameter lines.
A change from one rhyme group to an
1) From the lecture, give four events involving the Crown of England occurred during
Royalties published, James I (gunpowder plot) Jamestown was established from this, Charles I (went
back to an extreme elitism associated with Cavilier
Question 1 (1.5 points)
Decide in each case wether to reject H0 or fail to reject H0.
Question 1 options:
1 P-value = 0.2
Level of significance = 0.05
1 P-value = .05
Level of significance = 0.01
1. Fail to reject the null hypothesis
1 P-value = 0.02
THE RESTORATION (1660-1785)
Introduction: Charles II, The Plague, The London Fire.
John Dryden (2208+)
Samuel Pepys (2260) The Diary (2260-2264, 2265-2269)
John Bunyan (2269-70) note The Pilgrims Progress and its theme
Mary Astell (2420-2421) Reflections
Hummingbirds are simply magic in the air. They are beautiful organisms that are essential to the
natural world. Hummingbirds are excruciatingly fast, so they naked eye is not able to see their activity.
For this reason their speed
Malaria, transferred by the Anopheles mosquito, is one of the most severe illnesses in the country, both
by infection and mortality rate. HIV and AIDS are just as dangerous and, unfortunately, very widespread:
Ghana is among the countries with the highest
5/6/13 4:32 PM
What is environment?
The surroundings or conditions
Including living and nonliving components, in which any given organism exists
What is Environmental Science
It is an interdisciplinary field of
n i el l e E
Scientific Name: Citrus Limon
Plant family: Rutaceae
Appearance: oval with a broad, low, apical
nipple and 8 to 10 segments. Peel is yellow
Life cycle: Bud In
1. This study is about how climate changes effect Native European crayfish.
2. One hypothesis of the study is that climate changes will require species to
adapt to new conditions.
3. They test the hypothesis by using climate pro
Concepts of Predation
Predation: one organism meets its energetic needs by consuming another living organism
not so simple
Strategies of predation?
Effects of predator on prey populations?
The impact of predation on the diversity of community assemb
Introduction (chap 1, etc)
A. What is Ecology?
Is Ecology = Environmentalism?
home, household; study
The scientific study of how organisms interact with their environment (and with each other).
Abiotic vs. Biotic
Ecology: Introduction and History
- relationships impose selection pressures on interacting pairs
= joint evolution of two or more non-interbreeding species that have a close ecological relationship
Reciprocal selection pressures result in coevo
A. Introduction to communities
Community = all the animal and plant species interacting directly or indirectly in the same
environment or habitat
Communities also classified in terms of their means of energy acquisition
A. Community classification
Based on general appearance of vegetation (vertical structure, growth form) physiognomy
Animal distribution usually correlates w/ plant community structure
Communities named after the domi
Ecological communities have a spatial boundary and context within the landscape
Landscape ecology =study of the formation of patches and boundaries and ecological consequents of
A. Processes Create Patches
Structure of Communities
community group of plant and animal species that inhabit a given area
processes that control community structure
adaptation of organisms to physical environment
A. Fundamental Niche Const
Individuals within a single species interact with individuals of different species as well as with
When two or more different species seek the same resource that is in short supply
A. Life history patterns
- Life History: schedule and duration of key events in an organisms lifetime
- Can different life history phenomena maximize individual fitness?
- Involves trade-offs (costs/benefits)
Energetic and nutritional expenditures
The Organism in its environment (chap 5)
A. The Meaning of Adaptation
Adaptation: an inherited characteristic that enhances an organisms ability to survive and
reproduce in a given environment
The Physical Environment (chap 2)
The most fundamental prerequisites for life in any environment:
Be able to tolerate the local environment (conditions)
Essential resources need to be available and attainable (provided)
Conditions = ph
A. Animals and Nutrient Acquisition
Animals need to derive energy from organic (carbon) compounds
Plants become the ultimate energy source
CONFLICT: Must convert plant tissue into animal tissue (different chemical composition)
Plant Adaptations (chap 6, 4)
A. Photosynthesis: the process
carbohydrates (simple sugars) and the release of O2 as a by-product
6CO2 + 12H2O C6H12O6 + 6O2 + 6H2O
1. Light and Dark Reactions
The initial process (light reaction) light energy is trapped in
Introduction to Populations (chap 8, 12)
What is a Population?
= Group of organisms of the same species occupying a particular space at the same time
- Why would we be interested in population?
- Population characteristics tell us how a population functio
= breakdown of chemical bonds formed during the construction of plant and animal tissue
Breakdown of complex organic substances into simpler ones
A. Classification involved of decomposers