What is Policy Analysis?
Definition: Conduct research that breaks down an issue (The study of public
problems and emerging concerns, proposed policy changes
Purpose: To inform and develop understanding in order to make better policy
Who Does Policy Analys
Policy Process Model
1. Define the problem and set an agenda
2. formulate alternatives
3. Policy legitimation
4. Implement policy
5. evaluate policy
6. Policy change
Creating Public Policy
Formulate policy- propose course of action; actors state position
Major News Papers
How do we construct alternatives
What can the government do?
educational - inform the public, conduct resea
Juveniles in adult prisons
among the ongoing controversies in corrections in whether juveniles should be
incarcerated in adult prisons
The juvenile justice system is an expansive enterprise with numerous critical
Law enforcement have treme
Is lobbying good or bad for the US political system?
Politics; Not "campaigning" but unfair advantages
Power; ability it influence others more than they can influence you.
Stake Holder; a person who has something to gain or lose with the
The death penalty
The death penalty stands as one of the most emotionally charged issues in
A brief history of executions
Throwing the condemned to the lions (ancient rome)
sewn inside a sack with poisonous reptiles (asian societ
prisons are the most dangerous form of corrections
1st major prison - Simsbury prison (1774)
between 1900 and 1985 there were more than 300 riots
Motives and goals of prison vilolence
Instrumental: useful to the inmate. Incentive to doing
How Thorough an Analysis?
Rational - comprehensive
Our authors model
Policy of total overhaul, major change
Approaches to Policy Analysis
Root causes vs Proximate causes
-Underlying issues or symptoms?
What are the root causes?
Why involve the government?
- In responce to shifts in public opinion to rise of a social movement (civil rights
- In response to
monopolies and oligoopolies
Cost effectiveness vs cost benefit
-cost effectiveness = which alternative gives us the most for our money. which policy
alternative yields the greatest benefit given a fixed cost or which dollar investment
produces the greatest benefits
-cheapest way may