Key Issue 4: What is ethnic cleansing?
Ethnic cleansing- the process in which a more powerful ethnic
group forcible removes a less powerful one in order to
create an ethnically homogeneous region. Probably the
best example is WWII in which millions of Jew
Missionaries- individuals who help to transmit a universalizing
religion through relocation diffusion.
Pagan- followers of polytheistic religions in ancient times.
Ghetto- city slum designated for Jew habitation.
Cosmogony- creation story.
Solstice- day w
Ideogram- letters that represent ideas or concepts, not specific
Extinct language- language no longer spoken or used in daily activities
by anyone in the world.
Isolated language- a language unrelated to any other and not attached
to any s
Ethnicity- the identity of a group of people who share the cultural
traditions of a particular homeland or hearth.
Race- the identity of a group of people who share a biological ancestor.
The most common ethnicities within the U.S. are African Americans
Some notable ethnic religions are:
HINDU- the worlds 3rd largest religion with 820 million adherents.
97% live in India
CONFUCIANISM- mainly in China, stresses ethical lifestyles
TAOISM- mainly in China also, followers seek the dao (tao) meaning
the way o
Diffusion of the Internet is following roughly the same pattern as TV did at
the start, which is the U.S. has a disproportionately large share of the
Internet hosts compared to its share of the world population. As the
Internet increasingly becomes the pe
Pop culture, compared to folk, varies widely from time to time in a given
place. This is due to its widespread and rapid diffusion, and the
relative wealth of the people to acquire the materials associated with
pop culture. Pop culture flourishes where pe
Dialect- a regional variation of a language distinguished by a
distinctive vocab, spelling, and pronunciation. English has the
largest # of dialects b/c of its wide diffusion.
Standard language- a dialect well-established and recognized for
Why do people migrate within a country?
Migration between regions of a country
Most famous example within the US is the movement West. For nearly
200 years, the dominant movement of American people was
almost due west in the search for new farmland to sat
Language family- a collection of languages related through a common
ancestor that existed long before recorded history.
-Language branch- a collection of languages within a family that are related
through a common ancestor that existed several thousand ye