Philosophy 1301-Chapter 1 section 1.1
What is Philosophy?
The Greek Philosopher Aristotle who asserted that philosophy begins in wonder, was impressed by the ability of human beings to think. In fact, he defined human beings as rat
Plato's The Apology is an account of the speech Socrates makes at the trial in which he is charged with not recognizing the gods recognized by the state, inventing new deities, and corrupting the youth of Athens. Socrates' speech, however, i
Have you ever wondered how can you know what is morally right? We have often been told to do the right thing, but what is the right thing? To know what the right thing is we need to know what makes an action right or wrong; the act itself( called the
One response is to argue that it is selfish to live pursuing wealth and selfishness is morally wrong. But is it? What makes being selfish morally wrong? Conversely, what makes self-sacrifice morally good? The underlying philosophical and ethical issu
What is the good life?
Freedom from suffering (nirvana)
A life of virtue (Superior Person or Sage)
The examined life
(happiness or flourishing)
Release or liberation cra
Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) witnessed the beginning phases of the utilitarian philosophy, found that philosophy deficient because of its neglect, among other things, of moral duty. Kants theory is a version of what is called duty theory or deontologism
William James, an American philosopher, said that philosophy is the unusually stubborn attempt to think clearly. To be rational is to think, but all thinking is not necessarily rational thinking. Rationality has to do with the way we proceed to inves