The Sociological Perspective
Sociology offers a perspective, a view of the world. The sociological perspective(or
imagination) opens a window onto unfamiliar worlds.
Allows you to gain a new perception of social life.
Stresses the social contexts
Finally there is a new and different theory. This theory seems to have gotten a lot more
attention than the others. The book has now got to globalization theory and everything within it.
Each nation has been through this some more dramatically than others
Now we talk about race and racism in society. William Edward Burghardt Du Bois also
known as W.E.B Du Bois is known as a political activist. Something interesting I learned is that
he was also a sociologist. The main concern and point of focus was race in
Conflict theory is more of a reaction to structural functionalism with roots from other
theorist. It was an alternative instead of a theory all on its own. Conflict theory provided the
groundwork for the United States and was one of its major contributes.
This introduces another contribute to American theories. Veblens general concern
throughout his career was with the conflict between business and industry. (Ritzer & Stepnisky
p. 54) In his time leaders were mainly entrepreneurs, their job duties were: bu
This section takes the contemporary approach to theories. The first one is Structural
functionalism, its main focus is sort of its title. Structural functionalism looks and focuses on the
structure and the function of society. It goes on to tell us that t
The capitalist ownership class
mode of production
Way of organizing production-a set of social relations though which labor is deployed to wrest energy from
nature by means of tools, skills, and knowledge.
In Marxist theory, the economic syst
how Marx and Durkheim differ from Weber
-Marx and Durkheim were much more top down
-Marx and Durkheim had generally optimistic outlook about modernity while Weber was very
pessimistic (thought we would end up in an iron cage)
durkheim, marx, weber
are the values, cultural norms, and social structures that are external to the individual. Social facts regulate
human social action and act as constraints over individual behavior and action. Material social facts have to do
with the physic
according to Durkheim, a moral community of believers-one of the three essential elements of
religion; also refers to a large, highly organized religious group that has formal, sedate worship services
and little emphasis on evangelism,