-made profits from rice plantations! (required many slaves-strict slave codes)
-a government plan of Fundamental Constitutions (proprietary governor and hereditary nobility)
but was challenged by the colonists.
-became a royal colony in 172
-believed in self-interpretation of the Bible and the Inner Light (gained when you have
discovered the truth), no original sin or predestination.
-Everyone can gain salvation!
-Evangelism (the spread of their religion)
-made up of poorer classed p
-distance is too great for efficient control.
-made huge profits from silver and gold mines!
-ran out of money soon because no investments were made. The money indirectly went to the
Dutch for Spanish ships.
-Mercantilism-more exports than impor
-The Wampanoags were reeling from an epidemic four years earlier and helped the colonists,
-Mayflower Compact showed the willingness of the people to cooperate.
-Winthrop promoted the City on a hill vi
-monopoly on shipping and marketing of colonial goods.
-exports only to England and imports must pass through England with tariffs.
-goal is to limit the colonies trade so that only England benefits from it.
-Hurt the economy. The colonist
-believed in a loving God who will be able to grant salvation to all.
-made Americans pragmatic, basing decisions on what works best, not how it was done before.
-a democratic point of view brining optimism, confidence a
Gilbert and Raleigh
-Gilbert and Raleigh failed in Ireland because of bad relations with Roanoke Indians.
-John White landed in the same area, thus the colonists needed reinforcements from the
Indians. However, the Spanish Armada attacked and delayed. Whe
Differences between English and Spanish Colonization
-English colonization involved more private enterprises (money for themselves) instead of
money for the Crown.
-The English wanted trading (long term business plan) while the Spanish's goals were more
-Pacific (forests), Woodland (hunting), Mesoamerica (city-like)
Characteristics of the Iroquois-Seneca
-semi-nomadic (migrated when they were out of resources)
-part of the Iroquois confederation of five tribal groups
-The Virginians couldve been jealous of the savage Indians who were doing better than the
colonists. They wanted control over others.
-slave conditions were dire. Hundreds died in the Middle Passage before reaching America.