State of Country Post-War
-Without British trade markets, America fell into huge debts, causing inflation and worthless
-weak central government that didnt have the power to regular trade or external affairs.
-everyone fought for their own rights,
Siege of Charleston
-Cornwallis takes control of the British army.
-British victory at Camden.
Surrender at Yorktown
-Britain decides that the costly war wasnt worth it since it has now become a global war with
attacks from India, West Indies, Florida.
Seven Years War (1754-1763)
-Disastrous two years in the beginning but Pitt took control and led them to victory with the
Treaty of Paris that ended French involvement in North America.
-Americans were thrilled about the outcome of the war and th
-The Quartering Act of 1765 forced colonists to provide for troops.
-The Stamp Act of 1765 really angered the colonists because it placed taxes on documents,
paper, dice, cards etc, affecting everyone. This was the first internal tax! (direct taxation)
-After the French and Indian War, Britain gained much new territory that needed to be governed
-Britain kept several thousand troops in America, protecting against Indians and the French.
They are also there to enforce the new me
-Supported the King and Parliament.
-old internal struggles cause enemies to take different sides.
-the colonists have peacefully opposed to no avail.
The American Revolution
North (New England, Massachusetts)
-In the beginning of the war, more
Declaration of Rights and Grievances
-created the Declaration of Rights and Grievances (Right to tax and legislate)
-only wanted to go back to salutary neglect.
-Continental Association (ceasing trade and boycotting British products until Coercive Acts
-Dickinson urged boycott of English imports and Adams sent letters asking for united American
-Committees of inspection enforced boycotts of English goods. (Daughters of Liberty made their
-British troops didnt help Corsi
Battle of Saratoga (NY)-Turning Point
-Gates led the rebels in winning against Burgoynes troops.
-British lost their entire army!
-proved to the French that the Americans had a chance of winning!
-It became a global revolution as Franklin negotiated aid a
Articles of Confederations
-Congress kept the army, currency, and negotiated with foreign powers.
-national legislature had most of the powers (declare war, make peace, conduct diplomacy,
appoint military and naval officers)
-Federal government couldnt ta
-The Virginians couldve been jealous of the savage Indians who were doing better than the
colonists. They wanted control over others.
-slave conditions were dire. Hundreds died in the Middle Passage before reaching America.
-believed in self-interpretation of the Bible and the Inner Light (gained when you have
discovered the truth), no original sin or predestination.
-Everyone can gain salvation!
-Evangelism (the spread of their religion)
-made up of poorer classed p
-distance is too great for efficient control.
-made huge profits from silver and gold mines!
-ran out of money soon because no investments were made. The money indirectly went to the
Dutch for Spanish ships.
-Mercantilism-more exports than impor
-The Wampanoags were reeling from an epidemic four years earlier and helped the colonists,
-Mayflower Compact showed the willingness of the people to cooperate.
-Winthrop promoted the City on a hill vi
-monopoly on shipping and marketing of colonial goods.
-exports only to England and imports must pass through England with tariffs.
-goal is to limit the colonies trade so that only England benefits from it.
-Hurt the economy. The colonist
-believed in a loving God who will be able to grant salvation to all.
-made Americans pragmatic, basing decisions on what works best, not how it was done before.
-a democratic point of view brining optimism, confidence a
Gilbert and Raleigh
-Gilbert and Raleigh failed in Ireland because of bad relations with Roanoke Indians.
-John White landed in the same area, thus the colonists needed reinforcements from the
Indians. However, the Spanish Armada attacked and delayed. Whe
Differences between English and Spanish Colonization
-English colonization involved more private enterprises (money for themselves) instead of
money for the Crown.
-The English wanted trading (long term business plan) while the Spanish's goals were more
-Pacific (forests), Woodland (hunting), Mesoamerica (city-like)
Characteristics of the Iroquois-Seneca
-semi-nomadic (migrated when they were out of resources)
-part of the Iroquois confederation of five tribal groups
-made profits from rice plantations! (required many slaves-strict slave codes)
-a government plan of Fundamental Constitutions (proprietary governor and hereditary nobility)
but was challenged by the colonists.
-became a royal colony in 172