Exam 1 Review: Psyc 3140
What are the goals of studying abnormal psychology?
o Describe, predict, explain and change in abnormal psychology
What are the 4 Ds? Know examples of each.
Deviance: different, extreme, unusual, perhaps even bizarre. Abnormal be
Suicide is an intentional and consciously self-inflicted death. Suicide is not officially
classified as a mental disorder in DSM-5; however, a new category called suicidal
behavior disorder is being studied for inclusion in a future revision. Su
o Impulse Control Disorders
o Psychological Stress Disorders
o Acute Stress Disorder
o Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
o Adjustment Disorder
o Medical conditions affected by psycholog
o Vague sense of being in danger
o Increase in breathing
o Muscular tension
o Increased arousal
o Same or diff from fear?
Anxiety: Is it bad to feel anxious?
CHAPTER 3: CLINICAL ASSESSMENT,
DIAGNOSIS, AND TREATMENT
Clinical Assessment: determine how and why a person is behaving abnormally and how
that person may be helped
Characteristics of Assessment Tools
Two key emotions (moods) on a continuum:
o Depression: Low, sad state in which life seems dark and overwhelming
o Mania: State of breathless euphoria or frenzied energy
o Most people with a mood disorder experience
Models of Abnormality
o John is a 23-year-old senior student at GSU. Hes been suffering from severe
depression for 2 months.
Please identify what are the potential causes of Johns condition?
Abnormal Psychology: Past & Present
What is abnormal psychology?
o Abnormal Psychology is a scientific study of abnormal behavior in order to
describe, predict, explain, and change (influence) abnormal patterns of
Groups at risk
than AA Separated & divorced than married Women than men
Women 1.5-3 x higher risk than men
to explain gender differences
Hormones Changing social roles for women Response to depressed m
o In addition to disorders covered earlier, a disorder that is commonly linked with
stress and anxiety:
o Somatoform disorders are problems that appear to be physical or medical but are
due to psychosoci
Eating Disorders (EDs)
o Current Western beauty standards
o equating thinness with health and beauty.
o thinness becoming a national obsession
A rise in EDs in the past three decades.
Three main diagnoses:
o Anorexia nervosa (AN
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER ANALYSIS
Social anxiety is a disorder that many go through but have no clue exactly what theyre going
through and that they are actually dealing with a disorder. Social anxiety a
1. You are responsible for all material presented in lecture and the text. More emphasis will be placed on
those topics we spent a lot of time on in class, but you are also responsible for material in the texts
You are responsible for all material presented in lecture and the text. More emphasis will be placed on those
topics we spent a lot of time on in class, but you are also responsible for material in the texts (textbook, Popp
Exam 2 Study Guide
Stress & Anxiety Disorders
What are the anxiety disorders? Specific Phobias, OCD, Social Phobia, General
Anxiety Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder
Be able to distinguish among them, know the main symptoms for eac
Final Exam Review
Ch. 12: Schizophrenia
What is psychosis - -state defined by a loss of contact with reality
o The ability to perceive & respond to the environment is significantly disturbed
Functioning is impaired
o Symptoms may include hallu
What Is Suicide?
o Suicide can be defined as an intentioned death a self-inflicted death in which
one makes an intentional, direct, and conscious effort to end ones life.
o Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in the w
What is a drug?
o Any substance other than food that affects our bodies or minds.
o Need not be a medicine or be illegal.
o Alcohol, tobacco, and caffeine.
o The term substance rather than d
Early Stages of Schizophrenia
Intergenerational transmission of disorder
known since 18th c. In 1960s sophisticated studies provided scientific basis
Child of 1 parent w/schz: 13% Child of 2 parents
The Types of Disorders
DSM IV: 5 types
1. 2. 3. 4. Disorganized Catatonic Paranoid Undifferentiated Patients who do not fit other categories Very common 5. Residual Have passed active phase
Mood Disorders Mood
Types: Depression and Bipolar Disorder 1. Unipolar depression = depressive episodes only 2. Bipolar disorder/manic-depressive disorder = cyclical patterns of mania & depressive episodes (diagnosed even without evidence of depression)
Models of Personality and Abnormal Functioning Abnormal
I. Biological Model I.
modern version of somatogenic theory sparked by discovery of psychotropic sparked
emphasis on biochemical model emphasis
anatomical models also exist
Eating Disorders Eating
Anorexia Nervosa Bulimia Nervosa
Anorexia Nervosa Anorexia
A) Symptoms: 1. Intense fear of gaining weight (becoming fat) (becoming 2. Body image distortion -overestimate body weight -overestimate 3. Body weight below 85% of normal
Psychological Assessment Diagnosis Diagnosis Psychotherapy
I. Purposes of Assessment I.
1. Differential diagnosis 2. Description of the problem 3. Comparison to normative data 4. Design and evaluation of intervention (therapy)
II. Some General Principle
ANXIETY DISORDERS ANXIETY
Primary symptom is excessive anxiety &/or Primary debilitating attempts to avoid anxiety debilitating Anxiety is a state of alarm in response to a Anxiety vague sense of threat or danger. vague
Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD)