Oceanography Study Questions
1) What are the 4 major ocean basins? How do they compare in terms of size and depth?
Pacific Ocean largest area; Mariana Trench deepest point (deepest trench)
Atlantic Ocean 2nd largest area; Puerto Rico Trench deepest point
Describe the basic structure of water molecules. What is hydrogen bonding?
Describe the basic properties of seawater and why they are important:
Surface tension/ viscosity
Boiling Point/ Freezing Point
Specific Heat Capacity
Heat of Vaporization
What are the major surface wind bands? What are the doldrums and horse
What impact does the Coriolis effect have on the movement of air and water in the
Northern and Southern hemispheres?
What is Ekman transport?
What are gyres? How do they flo
1.Why is it important for animals to maintain salt and water balances within their
2.What is osmosis?
3.What do the terms isotonic, hypertonic and hypotonic mean?
4.What is the difference between osmoconformers and osmoregulators?
1. Distinguish between the different levels of the ecological hierarchy.
2.Populations are capable of exponential growth, but in natural systems this growth
pattern doesnt continue indefinitely. What factors limit a populations size? What is
How does the abundance of phytoplankton at the surface influence the abundance
and distribution of organisms at deeper levels of the open ocean?
What adaptations are seen in epipelagic nekton to: stay afloat, find food, avoid
Describe the sediments that cover the abyssal plain. What are oozes? What kinds of
oozes are there and where do they come from?
How do scientists sample the deep ocean oor?
What kinds of organisms are found on the deep sea oor? What is deposit feeding?
Overview of Ecological Principles
What is Ecology?
Populations of organisms have
the capacity for exponential
Exponential growth does not continue unchecked; various factors
Circulation & Tides
The Atmosphere in Motion
Air moves because of differences in
Less dense, warm air rises in one
area and more dense, cool air sinks
Between these two areas, air flows
Consider a model of Earth with no
1) What are the 4 major ocean basins? How do they compare in terms of size and
2) Describe the structure of the earth. What is the lithosphere and the
asthenosphere? How does oceanic crust differ from continental crust?
3) What are the different ty
Chemical and Physical Environment
Physical and Chemical Properties of Seawater
Hydrogen bonding & polarity
Thermal properties of water: heat capacity, boiling, freezing
Water as a solvent
Seawater Composition: Salinity
Oceanography I: Plate Tectonics and
Topography of the Sea Floor
Geography of the Ocean Basins
Oceans are Interconnected
Topography of the ocean basins
How do scientists study the ocean floor?
Image from: http:/soundwaves.usgs.gov/2006/03/outreach3.html
What are the 4 major ocean basins? How do they compare in terms of size and depth?
Pacific, Arctic, Indian and atlantic. Pacific is the largest and deepest while arctic is the smallest
and more shallow.
Describe the structure of the earth. What is t
Marine Ecology Study Questions
Distinguish between the different levels of the ecological hierarchy.
Ecological hierarchy theory describes the arrangement of biological organisms in
relation to one another. At the simplest level of the hierarchy are indiv
Plankton Study Questions
What are the different divisions of the benthic and pelagic environments?
Define: benthic, pelagic, plankton, nekton, pleuston, neuston, holoplankton,
Benthic: The benthic zone is the ecological region at the lowest
Rocky Intertidal Study Questions
What are conditions like in the rocky intertidal? What physical conditions are
organisms there subjected to? What types of biological interactions affect organisms
The daily cycle of the tides is the most important e
Sea Birds Study Questions
What types of birds are found in the four major groups (orders) of seabirds? (Could
you recognize pictures of the major groups of seabirds?) Which group has the
largest variety of seabirds? (You do not need to know the scientific