11.1 Key terms
Auscultation: listening to sounds within the body within the body with a stethoscope.
Baseline Vital Signs: the first set of vital signs measurements to which subsequent measurement can be
Blood pressure: the force exerted by the
2.1 Key terms
Burnout: caused by chronic job stress characterized by irritability and fatigue.
Cleaning: washing soiled object with soap and water.
Critical incident: situation that causes strong emotions and interferes with the ability to funct
1.1 Key terms
Advanced Emergency Medical Technician: responsibilities of EMT with addition of the use of advanced
airway devices, monitoring of blood glucose levels, initiation of intravenous and interosseous infusions,
and administration of a select numb
Pathophysiology: Stroke is due to inadequate amount of blood being delivered to a portion of the brain
caused by a blood clot obstructing a blood vessel in the brain or loss of continuity of the blood vessel.
Cerebrovascular accident or CVA. brain
Number of Patients
Identify life threats
C-Spine (if needed)
Level of Consciousness - AVPU
Head tilt chin lif
Skin Color, Temperature,
Hypovolemic Shock: shock caused from low blood volume (fluid or whole blood).
Hemorrhagic hypovolemic shock: loss of whole blood. Treatment would be stopping the
bleeding and blood transfusion.
Nonhemorrhagic hypovolemic shock: the loss of flui
Emphysema: the lung tissue loses its elasticity, the alveoli become distended with trapped air, and the
walls of the alveoli are destroyed.
Treatment: Ensure open airway, adequate breathing, position of comfort, and administration of
supplemental oxygen i
15.1 Key Terms
15.2 Explain the pathophysiology of shock (hypoperfusion), including the consequences of cellular
hypoxia and death.
15.3 Describe the physiology of maintaining adequate perfusion.
15.4 Describe how inadequate vascular volume, inadequate he
14.1 Key Terms
Action: the effect a drug has on the body. The therapeutic effect is the intended positive response by the
body. The mechanism of action is how the drug works to create its effect on the body. The action,
therapeutic effect, and
13.1 key terms
13.2 Explain the importance of developing a systematic patient assessment routine and list the four
main components of the patient assessment.
Having a systematic approach will keep you from becoming distracted by dramatic non-life threatin
12.1 Key Terms
Index of suspicion: an anticipation that certain types of accidents and mechanisms will produce specific
types of injuries.
Mechanism of injury (MOI): the factors and force that cause traumatic injury.
Nature of the illness (NOI)
3.1 Key Terms
Abandonment: discontinuing emergency care without properly transferring patient to health care
professional with equivalent or better training.
Advance directive: instructions written in advance, such as do not resuscitate