Chapter 1 New Direction for State and Local Governments
Education, welfare, health care, and crime are among the many
concerns of state and local government.
State and local government exist to make policy for and
provide services to the public.
Chapter 5 political parties, interest groups and campaigns
Organizations that nominate candidates to compete in
elections, and promote policy ideas.
The two major political parties
Democratic and the Republicans party.
The office of Governors
The first state constitutions concentrated political power in the
History of the Office
The early governors were typically elected by the legislature rather
than by the voters.
It was re
Chapter 6 State Legislatures
Legislatures engage in three principles functions:
This includes enacting laws and allocating funds
However, legislatures dont have sole control of the state
policymaking function: governors, cour
Chapter 8 public administration, budgeting and service delivery
Bureaucracy is a paradox.
The administrative branch of government, consisting of all
executive offices and their workers.
Some bureaucracies make our lives more difficult, but other
Chapter 9 judiciary
State courts have become more open to individuals and groups
advocating liberal causes such as civil rights, free speech and
freedom of expression.
Many state courts are innovative in their decision making and
Chapter 12 Taxing and Spending
The principles of finance
A major purpose of government is to provide
essential services to citizens. However, this cost
money: equipment must be purchased and
employees must be paid.
Governments raise needed funds
Chapter 11 local government structure and leadership
types of local governments
General purpose local government
A local government that performs a wide
range of functions
Single purpose local government
A local government such as a sch
Chapter 10 State and local relation
The relationship between states and their communities
is often strained
States create the rules for their localities
States may regulate local governments
Chapter 4 citizen participation and Elections
Actions through which ordinary members of a
political system attempt to influence outcomes.
Why and how people participate?
Voting is the most common form of participation