Last weekend I went to the lake. I arrived in the afternoon with my friends and my fiance. It was very sunny and
warm. I swam for a few hours wih them in the blue lake. Then I sat in the sand and read a book when I was
tired. I ate some sandwhiches and an
Last weekend I went to the lake. I arrived in the afternoon with my friends and my fiance. It was
very sunny and warm. I swam for a few hours wih them in the blue lake. Then I sat in the sand
and read a book when I was tired. I ate some sandwhiches and an
The preterite tense (el pretrito) is one of the several past tenses in Spanish. It is used to describe
completed actions in the past or that lasted a specific amount of time in the past and are now completed.
Regular Preterite Forms:
There are only two se
y verbs ending in -ir that were stem-changers in the present tense will be stem changers in the
preterite tense .
Only 2 forms change: 3rd person singular & 3rd person plural
There are 2 kinds of changers in preterite: e-i, o-u
Imperfecto = Ser, Ir, Ver
Preterite or Imperfecto?
Preterite adds new information and moves the story forward. There is a focus on action - beginning or
Imperfect adds details. It give information to paint a picture. It doesn
In all three conjugations of verbs (-ar, -er, and -ir) there are some verbs whose vowels change within the
stem. These stem-changes occur in all persons except nosotros and vosotros. These two persons maintain
the regular stem. There are si
are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or others adverbs. An adverb can give information about time,
place, manner, or number. They answer the questions: How? How long? How Much? When? and Where?
Unlike adjectives, however, they do not change according
El imperfecto - past tense - used to (do something, ongoing past actions/habitual actions, & creates
Regular Imperfect Verb Endings:
usted, l, ella
ustedes, ellos, ellas
These verbs have similar endings (-AR, -ER, -IR), but there are changes in the stem.
Verbs that have changes in the yo form only.
caer (to fall) - caigo
hacer (to do/make) - hago
poner (to put) - pongo
salir (to go out, to leave) - sal
Not Reflexive: Lavo el pelo de mi hija
Reflexive: Me lavo el pelo.
Conjugated reflexive verbs
Lav arse - to wash oneself
Dorm irse - To fal
se: One does [action]/ [something] is [done]
There is no subject nor is there an outside agent acting on an object. Impersonal can be used for asking
directions, how to say things properly, what the rules are in a specific place, making general statements
Lesson 1 - Tips and notes
Masculine and Feminine Nouns:
In Spanish all nouns are masculine or feminine.
Usually, nouns that end with an "o" are masculine, and nouns that end with an "a" are feminine.
For example, "manzana" (apple) is feminine and "diario