The role of dehydration synthesis in the formation of organic compounds and hydrolysis in the
digestion of organic compounds.
How to recognize the 4 biologically important organic compounds (carbs, lipids, proteins, nucleic
What You Must Know:
Why membranes are selectively permeable
The role of phospholipids, proteins, and carbohydrates in membranes
How water will move if a cell is placed in an isotonic, hypertonic, or hypotonic solution
How electrochemical gradients are for
Need To Knows:
The 3 stages of cell communication: reception, transduction, and response.
How G-protein-coupled receptors receive signals and start transduction.
How receptor tyrosine kinase receive cell signals and start transduction.
How a cell signal i
Need to know:
The summary equation of photosynthesis including the source and fate of the reactants and
How leaf and chloroplast anatomy relates to photosynthesis.
How photosystems convert solar energy to chemical energy.
How linear electron flo
Surface area example(plant):
Root hairs: extensions of root epidermal cells; increase surface area for absorbing water and
Function: control center of cell
Surrounded by double membrane(nuclear envelope)
*Continuous with t
The structure of the duplicated chromosome
The cell cycle and stages of mitosis
The role of kinases and cycling in the regulation of the cell cycle
Cell Cycle: life of a cell from its formation until it divides
Function of Cell Division: Re
The summary equation of cellular respiration
The difference between fermentation and cellular respiration
The role of glycolysis in oxidizing glucose to two molecules of pyruvate
The process that brings pyruvate from the cytosol into the mi
Need to Know:
Examples of endergonic and exergonic reactions
The key role of ATP in energy coupling
That enzymes work by lowering the energy of activation
The catalytic cycle of an enzyme that results in the production of a final product
Metabolism: The t
Importance of Carbon
Organic chemistry: branch of chemistry that specializes in study of carbon compounds
Organic compounds: contain Carbon(&H)
Major elements of life: CHNOPS
Carbon can form large, complex, and diverse molecules.
Carbon's electrons ha
Need to knows:
The difference between asexual and sexual reproduction
The role of meiosis and fertilization in sexually reproducing organisms
The importance of homologous chromosomes to meiosis
How the chromosome number is reduced from diploid to haploid
Law and Order
Five steps of Decision making:
1. Rights Decision making
2. Fairness and justice Decision making
3. Utilitarian Decision making
4. Common good Decision making
5. Virtue Decision making
Difference between Law and Ethics:
Unit Four Review Questions:
1) What are the three classifications of crime according to its severity?
Felony, Misdemeanor, and Violations.
2) What is the difference between principals in the first degree and principals in the second?
Principals of the fir
Unit Five Review Questions
1) What are the three main types of torts?
2. Strict Liability
2) What are the four ways a negligence case is evaluated?
3) Who can be held responsible for a
Unit Seven Review Questions
1) List the different types of families that are emerging in the new generation:
1. Same Sex Parents
2. Common Law Marriages
3. Single Parents
4. Blended Families
5. Grandparents taking the role as parents.
2) What are the four
Unit three Review Questions:
1) What is the difference between civil cases and criminal cases?
Civil cases are between individuals and usually have to do with money while criminal cases
involve crime and involve the state or the federal government.
Unit Two Review Questions:
1) What are the steps a bill takes to become a law?
1. Bill is drafted (written up)
2. Introduced in the house.
3. Sent to a committee.
4. Committee action (killed or kept)
5. Rules Committee (decides when bill will get debated)
Unit Six Review Questions
1) What are the rights of a consumer?
1. Right to safety
2. Right to information
3. Right to choices
4. Right to be heard
5. Right to redress
6. Right to consumer education
7. Right to basic needs
8. Right to a healthy environmen