CHAPTER 12-THE CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
I. Recall that the Central Nervous System consists of the brain and the spinal cord. The purpose of this
chapter is to examine the anatomy and physiology of each of these structures.
II. THE BRAIN-serves as the major
A. 2 important Properties of the Cell Membranes of Neurons
1. Membrane Potential-an electrical voltage associated with the cell membrane of a
neuron. Changes in this membrane potential lead to the formation an
CHAPTER 11-NERVE TISSUE
I. The Nervous System, along with the Endocrine System, plays a major role in maintaining homeostasis
in the human body.
A. Functions of the Nervous System
1. Sensory Function-the nervous system senses changes (stimuli) within the
THE MUSCULAR SYSTEM
I. What criteria are used in naming skeletal muscles?
II. Be able to define the following terms: origin, insertion, action, prime mover, antagonist,
A. OriginB. InsertionC. ActionD. Prime moverE. AntagonistF. Synergists-
CHAPTER 9-MUSCLES AND MUSCLE TISSUE
I. MYOLOGY-the study of muscle tissue. Muscles account for 40-50% of total body weight.
A. Muscles are capable of converting chemical energy (ATP) into mechanical energy. This
mechanical energy is used to generate force
I. In the human body, joints are often referred to as articulations. Joints are defined as points of contact
B. Cartilage and Bones
C. Teeth and Bones
II. STRUCTURAL CLASSIFICATION OF JOINTS-is based on the presence/abse
I. SURFACE MARKINGS-know the definitions of the major surface listed on page 180 of the
II. AXIAL VS. APPENDICULAR SKELETON
A. How many bones make-up the human skeleton?
III. THE SKULL
A. Is comprised of 2 major regions: the cranium
CHAPTER 5-THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
I. THE INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM-includes the skin and its derivatives (hair, nails and glands).
II. FUNCTIONS OF THE SKIN:
1. Provides a physical barrier to prevent bacterial and viral invasion of the body.
CHAPTER 4-THE LIVING FABRIC
I. TISSUES-groups of cells that work together to carry out similar functions.
A. Histology-the study of tissues.
II. TYPES OF TISSUES IN THE HUMAN BODY:
A. Epithelial Tissue
B. Connective Tissue
C. Muscle Tissue
D. Nerve Tissue
CHAPTER 3-CELLS: THE LIVING UNITS
I. CELLS-the basic structural and functional unit of living organisms.
A. Major Parts of Cells:
1. Cell membrane-the barrier that surrounds cells. It separates the inside of the cell from the
outside. Membranes are compos
CHAPTER 2-CHEMISTRY COMES ALIVE
I. All organisms are composed of MATTER, which is defined as anything that occupies space and has a mass.
A. Matter can exist in one of three possible forms: as a solid, liquid or gas.
II. ATOMS-the smallest units of matter
CHAPTER 1-THE HUMAN BODY: AN ORIENTATION
I. 2 BRANCHES OF SCIENCE DEALING WITH THE HUMAN BODY
A. Anatomy-the study of body parts and the relationships between structures of the body.
1. Specifically, anatomy deals with body forms and structures and how th