Chapter 4: The Cell Membrane and Transport
Liposomes are artificially prepared membrane-bound compartments/vesicles that
are made through breaking the biological membrane and letting them form
something similar to a cell. (Phospholipid bilayer+aqueous so
1 The parenchyma cells in Fig. 2.1 are packed with starch granules, which are used as energy
storage for the plant. The starch granules are not clearly visible in the section shown.
(i) Name the solution that can be used:
to make the starch gr
1 Fig. 1.1 shows four animal cells in different stages of the mitotic cell cycle.
(a) Using the number given to each cell in Fig. 1.1, arrange the stages as they occur in the
(b) (i) State what is occurring at A in cel