Chapter 6 The First Global Civilization: The Rise and Spread of Islam
[Image: The graceful "horseshoe" arches of the Alhambra palace in southern Spain provide a
striking example of the sophistication and beauty attained by Islamic art and architecture.
The Classical Period: Directions, Diversities, and Declines by 500 c.e.
[Image: The conversion of kings, such as Clovis, king of the Franks, helped inspire wider
conversions and gave the clergy some symbolic power over the state. This relief sho