Unit 16: Solutions
1) Defining Terms:
a) A solution is a homogeneous mixture.
i) This means it is the same (homo) throughout, but it contains two different chemical
substances (mixture) which are NOT bonded to each other.
(1) The solute (salt, sugar, kool
Unit 7: Reaction Rate & Equilibrium
1. Energy of Reaction:
a. Reaction Energy Diagram:
i. Sometimes called Reaction Pathway Diagram or Reaction Energy Graph
ii. In chemistry, energy is measured in:
1. Joules (J)
2. Kilojoules (kJ)
3. Calories (Cal) (which
Unit 10: Periodic Trends
a. Dmitri Mendeleev created the first modern periodic table.
i. He put the elements in order by mass number
ii. He put elements with similar properties in columns (columns are VERTICAL!)
iii. His table was tota
REVIEW: Unit 2: Formulas, Part 1
a) The Periodic Table:
i) Above (to the right of) the staircase are NONmetals.
ii) Below (to the left of) the staircase are METALS.
iii) Metalloids are touching the staircase, but not Aluminum (its a metal). So
Unit 12 Review: Phase Change & Types of Bonding
(Yes, I know that the outline levels are doing stupid things partway through this document.
Im sorry about that, but Im not going to spend any more time fighting with them. Sorrynotsorry.)
Unit 13 Review Outline
He = 24 ;
e - = -10 - ;
= 01 e ;
1. Nuclear Chemistry/Nuclear Reaction:
a. A process in which the nucleus of the atom is altered.
b. This is NOT a regular chemical process. It f
Unit 9: Electrons in the Atom
Fair warning: this outline is pretty redundant. The same concepts are explained multiple times because
they apply to multiple sections (quantum numbers, electron configuration, and orbital diagrams are all
based on the same s
Acids & Bases
By definition, acids:
Produce H+ ions (or H3O+ ions) in solution.
Arrhenius definition: acids are hydrogen ion donors
Bronsted-Lowry definition: acids are proton donors
Produce pH values les
Unit 11: Molecular Structure and Intermolecular Forces
Lewis dot structures!
Add up all of the valence electrons in the compound.
If the compound has no charge, you are finished.
If the compound has a negative charge, add electrons to your to
Unit 14 Test Review
Some chemical reactions can be used to produce electricity. They are electrochemical or oxidationreduction reactions.
a. Also known as redox
b. Because one element gets reduced and one gets oxidized
By: Abbie Arnold and Afton Ellis
1. Interphase: Interphase is when the cell prepares to start mitosis. The cell spends
most of its time in this phase. During this phase the cell grows, doubles its DNA,
and prepares to divide.
2. Prophase: T
I think reaction time will be different. You can train
yourself, like in baseball. Maybe being scared can
make you go faster also.
People may process things faster in their brains
than other people.
Well the calcula
Purpose: Find the relationship between the sag angle of a clothesline and the tension in the line.
Procedure: We put a weight in the middle of a clothesline and tested the tension with a force
sensor on one side of the string at different angle
1a) 300 N
1b) 150 N
1c) 100 N
1d) 300 N
1e) 300 N
1f) 150 N
1g) 300 N
2) 600 N
3) 800 N
4) 1200 N
The Equilibrium Rule
1a) 600 N
1b) 600 N
2) 350 N
3) 19 N
Normal: 1000 N
Friction: 500 N
Weight Crate: 1000 N