1. What practical problems would occur if the United States became two nations?
President Abraham Lincoln declared that secession was impractical because the North and South were not
geographically divided. He also stated that with secession, new controve
23. What were settlers of the frontier like?
The pioneer life was very grim. The settlers of the frontier lived poor lives. They had poor houses, little food, and
were very vulnerable to disease. It was also very lonely and cruel. The settlers, more often
1. What were the advantages and disadvantages of government subsidies for the railroads?
Railroads skyrocketed after the Civil War. Track mileage increased from 35,000 miles in 1865 to over
192,000 miles by 1900. Congress encouraged this boom by giving mi
29. What were the advantages and disadvantages of popular sovereignty?
Popular sovereignty meant that the sovereign people of a territory should determine the statues of slavery. One of its
advantages was that it was a solution to something that was teari
1. What were the results of Roosevelt's decision not to help stabilize currencies?
The London Conference, set up in 1933, had a goal of coming up with an international fix to the Great
Depression. FDR initially planned to send Sec. of State Cordell Hull.
19. "America's task was far more complex and back-breaking [in World War II] than in World War I." Explain.
This statement refers to the fact that America was much more involved in World War II than in World War I because World
War II was more of a direct
In the beginning of 1917, the United States was at odds with Germany, tensions
were high and the United States was on the brink of entering the war on the Allies side.
The United States experienced both national and international pressures, such as
AP United States History
Due: September 30, 2013
During Americas colonial times, many conflicts arose from social tensions. Two
events which similarly reflected these social tensions were the Salem Witchcraft Tria
1. Cite examples of actions taken in reaction to the perceived threat of radicals and communists during the red scare.
After World War I, America turned inward, away from the world, and started a policy of isolationism. Americans
denounced radical foreign
37. What kind of man was FDR?
Franklin Delano Roosevelt, FDR, had been as a young man tall, handsome, and athletic. He got polio in
1921, however, and was since confined to a wheelchair. This may have helped temper and humble his
personality. FDR had the
Changed the way goods were produced.
Before- Most goods were produced by hand at home or in workshops.
After- Machines replaced hand tools. New sources of power (water & steam) replaced human
and animal power.
The economy shifted
52. Evaluate the success of the US navy in the fight for Canada.
The US Navy was instrumental in the fight for Canada. The Americans tried to invade Canada
from Detroit, Niagara, and Lake Champlain. All of these attempts were thwarted by the
36. Explain the difference between Roosevelt's form of progressivism and Wilson's.
Wilson's New Freedom plan and Roosevelt's "New Nationalism" plan were different progressive plans for the nation.
The New Nationalism plan had been inspired by The Promise
48. Was General Grant good presidential material? Why did he win?
General Grant was not good presidential material. This is mostly because he held no political experience.
The idea, when the Republicans chose Grant, was that his war-hero status would carr
1. What was new about the New Frontier?
John F Kennedy was elected as president of the United States, the youngest in history. A sexual
revolution, civil rights revolution, and a young culture began to develop. Kennedys brother became an
62. Joseph McCarthy may have been more dangerous to our form of government than any communists
who might have been in the country. Explain.
The statement that Joseph McCarthy may have been more dangerous to our form of government than
any communists, who
43. Which book, Uncle Tom's Cabin or The Impending Crisis of the South was more important? Explain.
Both Uncle Toms Cabin and The Impending Crisis of the South were important books but Uncle Toms
Cabin was more important in that it had a larger impact. Ha
43. In what ways did religion in the United States become more liberal and more conservative in the early decades of
the 19th century?
By 1850, America was still a mostly church-going country. 75% of Americans attended church regularly.
New religions chal
1. What is meant by "Cotton is King?" How did its sovereignty extend beyond the South? What
implications did its rule have?
Eli Whitney's 1793 cotton gin invention revolutionized the Southern economy. Added to mechanical
jennies to spin yarn, power looms
14. "Yet Tyler.should never have consented to run on the ticket." Explain this quote from your text.
John Tyler did not share Whig beliefs. He'd been chosen as Vice President in order to "balance the ticket" by
attracting elite Southerners. He did not agr
Authority for government comes from the people and they rule through their
The people are sovereign (having supreme rank, power, or authority)
The people exercise their ruling power through voting
14. What effect did the Battle of Bull Run have on North and South?
When President Abraham Lincoln called for 75,000 militiamen on April 15, 1861, he and just
about everyone else in the North expected a swift war lasting about 90 days, with a quick
29. "Dismal indeed was the picture presented by the war-wracked South when the rattle of musketry
After the Civil War, the South was an absolute mess. The Souths economic and social structure
collapsed after the Civil War. Places like Cha
1. What factors caused America to turn its attention to the world beyond her borders?
The United States was very isolationist, but in the 1890s, due to rising exports, manufacturing capability, power, and
wealth, it began to expand onto the world stage, u
20. What were the goals of the Progressives?
A new reform movement immediately began, led by "Progressives". Their goals were to stop monopolies, corruption,
inefficiency, and social injustice. The method of the progressives was to strengthen the stateto
44. Describe the effect of westward expansion on Native Americans.
The West, after the Civil War, was still largely untamed. It was inhabited by Indians, buffalo, coyotes, Mexicans, and
Mormons. The American Indians found themselves caught in between thei
23. What factors led to the growth of cities in the second half of the 1800's?
The population of cities tripled between 1870 and 1900. Cities grew outward and upward. Cities grew outward with
the new electric trolley. People now rode trolleys instead of w
AP United States History And Government
Thematic Essay Turning Points
Throughout American history, there have been many turning points that have had
profound economic, political and social effects on the na
39. Describe the downs and ups of the economy in the years following WWII.
In the initial postwar years, the economy struggled; prices elevated 33% from 1946-1947 after the
wartime price controls were removed. An epidemic of strikes swept over the country
What was unusual about John Quincy Adams's victory in the presidential election of 1824?
John Quincy Adams victory in the presidential election of 1824 was unusual because he did win the popular vote or
the electoral vote. In fact, no candidate won the