Pathophysiology Final Study Guide
Patho Section 1
Cell & Tissue Function/Dysfunction
Atrophy: decrease in size of cells.
Hypertrophy: increase in cell size.
Hyperplasia: increase in number of cells.
Metaplasia: mature cell type is replaced by a different
Defense against invaders
Innate immunity (inflammation), and
Human Defense Mechanisms
First Line of Defense
Physical (skin, mucosal linings)
Sloughing of skin, mucus
/.McCance: Pathophysiology, 6th Edition
Chapter 01: Cellular Biology
1. Eukaryotic cells are characterized by a lack of a distinct nucleus,
whereas prokaryotic cells have intracellular compartments bordered by
membranes and a well-def
A & P Notes: Immune System
Human defense mechanisms
Two types of protective mechanisms from injury or infection
o Innate resistance or Natural immunity
o Natural barriers (physical, mechanical and biochemical)
Are in place at birth to prevent damage by s
Structure and Function of the Reproductive System
o Initial male and female structures are homologous
o One pair of gonads
o 2 pairs of ducts
mesonephric ducts (Wolffian ducts)
Paramesonephric ducts (
Chapter 9, Part 2: Cancer Manifestations and Treatment
Chapter 10: Cancer Epidemiology
Use your lecture notes and textbook to find the answers to these questions.
When finished, enter your answers on the electronic versi
Which of the following constitute the first line of human defense mechanisms?
Mast cells and macrophages
Mast cells and macrophages constitute the second
What is the pathophysiology that underlies lymph node enlargement in this patient?
Lymph node enlargement can indicate an infection or a reaction to a minor trauma.
Localized lymph node enlargement usually indicates drainage of an area relate
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
Structure and Function of Bone
o Provide support to the tissues
o Give form to the body
o Protect the organs
o Source of minerals and blood cells
Elements of Bone Tissue
o Rigid conn