Pathophysiology Final Study Guide
Patho Section 1
Cell & Tissue Function/Dysfunction
Atrophy: decrease in size of cells.
Hypertrophy: increase in cell size.
Hyperplasia: increase in number of cells.
Metaplasia: mature cell type is replaced by a different
Defense against invaders
Innate immunity (inflammation), and
Human Defense Mechanisms
First Line of Defense
Physical (skin, mucosal linings)
Sloughing of skin, mucus
/.McCance: Pathophysiology, 6th Edition
Chapter 01: Cellular Biology
1. Eukaryotic cells are characterized by a lack of a distinct nucleus,
whereas prokaryotic cells have intracellular compartments bordered by
membranes and a well-def
A & P Notes: Immune System
Human defense mechanisms
Two types of protective mechanisms from injury or infection
o Innate resistance or Natural immunity
o Natural barriers (physical, mechanical and biochemical)
Are in place at birth to prevent damage by s
Structure and Function of the Reproductive System
o Initial male and female structures are homologous
o One pair of gonads
o 2 pairs of ducts
mesonephric ducts (Wolffian ducts)
Paramesonephric ducts (
Chapter 9, Part 2: Cancer Manifestations and Treatment
Chapter 10: Cancer Epidemiology
Use your lecture notes and textbook to find the answers to these questions.
When finished, enter your answers on the electronic versi
Which of the following constitute the first line of human defense mechanisms?
Mast cells and macrophages
Mast cells and macrophages constitute the second
What is the pathophysiology that underlies lymph node enlargement in this patient?
Lymph node enlargement can indicate an infection or a reaction to a minor trauma.
Localized lymph node enlargement usually indicates drainage of an area relate
STRUCTURE AND FUNCTION OF THE MUSCULOSKELETAL SYSTEM
Structure and Function of Bone
o Provide support to the tissues
o Give form to the body
o Protect the organs
o Source of minerals and blood cells
Elements of Bone Tissue
o Rigid conn
Computation of Fluid Needs in Pediatrics
Infants and children have a greater need for water and are vulnerable to alterations in
fluid and electrolyte balance. There are various ways to calculate fluid requirements in
children. (one method not included he
3. Mechanical and Chemical Digestion
Digestion- is the process of breaking down food into
a form your body can use.
A CAREER IN NURSING
Lone Star College Cy Fair
ROLE OF THE NURSE
A nurses function is defined by the
Nurse Practice Act (NPA) and controlled
by the Texas Board of Nursing (BON).
RNs supervise the on-going care o
Teaching Nursing Students
Health Insurance Marketplace
Prepared by the
American Association of Colleges of
Updated November 2015
Why is it Important for Nurses
to Understand the New Law?
1) In the discipline of nursing, practice is the basis for nursing theory
development, nursing theory must validated in practice. Practice and theory
should be interrelated. Theory is rooted in practice and refined by research,
1. Three questions. 10 points each
a. Distinguish between fixed and variable costs.
i. Total Fixed costs remain the same regardless of unit volume.
Fixed cost per unit fluctuates with volume.
ii. Total Variables costs fluct
Discussion Guide Questions Health Assessment from Jarvis, Physical Examination
and Health Assessment.
Chapter 1- Evidenced Based Practice
1. What is Evidenced based practice?
2. Describe the 4 types of data bases that are collected on clients?
3. Please d
HAND HYGIENE QUIZ/Discussion questions Mary Di Buono
1. The name of infections that patients/clients pick up in the hospital that they do not have
upon admittance are called_ infections.
2. What types of patients are at increased risk of acquiring these i
COMMUNICATION SKILLS QUIZ/DISCUSSION QUESTIONS
1. How does the nurse begin the interview with the client(patient)?
Answer-Begin the interview by introducing yourself, your title and what the purpose of
the interview is.
2. The nurse should always address
HAND HYGIENE NOTES- MARY DI BUONO
Nosocomial infections Are now called Health Care-Associated Infections or Health CareAcquired Infections (HAIs) are infections picked up by patients while they are in the
hospital. They result from the delivery of health
Subjective Data and Physical Examination of the Abdomen
Mary Di Buono
Subjective Data (what the clt. says about his/her health)
*Remember to ask in laymans terms. Dont ask in medical terms because the clt.
will not know what you are asking about.
Subjective Data and Physical Examination of Male Genitalia
Mary Di Buono
Subjective Data: (what the clt. says about his/her health). Remember to ask in
laymans terms and not in medical terms because the clt. will not know what you are
Chapter 32: Nursing Assessment: Cardiovascular System
1. After noting a pulse deficit when assessing a 74-year-old patient who has just arrived in the
emergency department, the nurse will anticipate that the patient may require
The Seven Cardinal Movements
Labor is a physical and emotional event for the laboring woman. For the infant, however, there
are many positional changes that assist the baby in the passage through the birth canal. Because
of the resistance met by the baby,
Prof. Anna C. Latorre, DNP(c),
MSN, APN, NP-c
Chemical name: identifies drugs atomic and
Generic name: assigned by the manufacturer
that first develops the drug
Case Studies, Chapter 11, Assessing
1. You are a nurse admitting a patient to the hospital from the emergency department (ED) with
shortness of breath and recent weight loss. After receiving a report from the ED nurse, you
ready the patients room accordin