Chapter 11 Cell Communication Study Guide Questions
1. The series of steps by which a signal on a cells surface is converted into a specific
cellular response is called the Signal Transduction Pathway. _.
2. What two types of Local Signaling i
Biology Introduction Possible Exam Questions: (Text Chapter 1)
1. Know biology is the study of life.
2. How do emergent properties and reductionism fit with this? Be able to define emergent properties and
1) The reductionist approach studies
1. a) Fill in the gaps in the following sentences using the words in the box below.
i) Enzymes are biological catalysts that speed up chemical reactions in
ii) Enzymes are protein molecules, which are made up of long ch
Biology and Society: Natural Nanotechnology
1. Explain how nanotechnology might be used to power microscopic robots.
Cells control their chemical environment using energy, enzymes, and the plasma membrane
Some Basic Energy Concepts
2. Define the
Biology and Society: Got Lactose?
1. Describe the causes and consequences of lactose intolerance.
Lactose intolerance is the inability for a person to digest the main sugar found in milk, lactose.
Biology and Society: Drugs That Target Bacterial Cells
1. Explain how antibiotics specifically target bacteria while minimally harming the human host.
Most antibiotics kill bacteria while minimally harming the human host by binding to structures
Gene Expression/Mutation Activity
Go to http:/www.ygyh.org/
Click on Sickle Cell.
Roll over the Facts and Theories.
Q1. Why do scientists believe this mutation is helpful?
People who carry one sickle cell mutation without the disease can tolerate malaria
BIO 100 DNA Lab Recovering the Romanovs
The Romanov family ruled Russia for 300 years. In 1918, the last ruling Romanov, Nicholas II,
and his family were executed and buried in a mass grave in Siberia. When the grave was
exhumed, two of the b
Professor Jody Klann
5 May 2016
The Spider Monkey
There are nine species of spider monkey, which can be found all throughout the rainforests of
Central and South America. IUCN has listed all nine species as endangered mea
Darwins Natural Selection Worksheet
Read the following situations below and
identify the 5 points of Darwins natural
1) There are 2 types of worms: worms that eat at night (nocturnal) and worms that eat
during the day (diurnal). Th
Structure of DNA and Replication
Directions: Label the diagram below with the following choices:
1. Hydrogen bond
2. Phosphate group
5. Nitrogenous base
Karyotypes are a map of one's chromosomes and many things can be detected with the
use of one. Download the following worksheet and using the website listed complete the
activities and patient diagnoses.
What is it?
1. What is Fragile X syndrome?
Gets its name from the broken appearance of the x chromosome in people with
the disorder. It is a mutation that turns off the production of the FMR1 protein
which is associated with the development of neuronal co
Biology and Society: Marathoners versus Sprinters
1. Explain how differences in muscle fibers relate to athletic performance.
The muscles that move our legs have 2 main types of muscle fibers
Slow twitch: generate less power, last longer, genera
Need to Know - FINAL
1. What is cancer?
It is a disease of the cell.
Mutant cells divide and reproduce rapidly.
2. What is cell division named? Why do cells need to divide (3 reasons)?
Cell division is named the CELL CYCLE
Cells need to divide for reprodu
1. What are the three divisions of the PNS (peripheral nervous system)?
SNS (Somatic Nervous System), ANS (Autonomic Nervous System), and ENS (Enteric
2. What are the functions of the SNS in terms of sensory? What are the differ
Need to Know #2 - ANSWER KEY
1. Life is _
2. What four classes is polymers are composed of carbon?
1-carbohydrates 2-proteins 3-nucleic acids (DNA & RNA) 4-lipids
3. Organic chemistry is the study of _
4. What do we mean by o
Need to Know - ANSWER KEY
1. What is biology?
Biology is the study of life.
2. How do emergent properties and reductionism fit with this? Define emergent
properties and reductionism.
As life moves from microscopic to biosphere new properties emerge at eac
Exam 3 - Need to Know
1. What system is the master controller and communicator? Explain the three
functions of the nervous system.
The nervous system is the master controller and communicator. The three
functions are 1. sensory; afferent (sensation) (tran
Need to Know #3
1. What is bioenergetics?
Bioenergetics is the study of energy in living systems.
2. Define energy. What are its two major forms?
Energy is the capacity to cause change and is required by all organisms. It exists as
potential and kinetic e
Exam 2 Practice
1. What is the largest organ of the body?
2. What are the functions of the skin?
To protect from the sun, microbes, trauma, and pollutants
3. What are the layers of the skin?
4. Describe the epide
Need to Know #1
1. Define anatomy.
The study of the shape and structure of body parts
2. Define physiology.
The branch of biological science that studies and describes how body parts work
3. What are the 6 levels of structural organization in
Origins of Microbiology
A Rapid Overview
In order to have an appreciation of today's
microbiological database, it is necessary to
step back in time and see how Microbiology
From earliest days (Leviticus), the Jews were
aware that leprosy and go
Sources and Transmission of Infection
There are three sources of disease-causing
organisms in man:
1. Human beings (the MOST important)
2. Lower animals (much less important)
3. Inanimate nature (fomites relatively
unimportant depending on you
Growth and Multiplication of
There are four phases of bacterial growth [and death]: the lag phase
is in black; the log phase is in blue; the stationary phase is in red;
the death or decline phase is in green.
The use of Durham tubes: tiny tub
Cells of Microbiology
Study of life
Study of animals
Study of microbes
Study of plants
Study of algae
Study of protozoans
Study of bacteria
Study of fungi