Chapter 21: The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics
Hemodynamics: the forces involved in circulating blood throughout the body.
Arteries: carry blood away from the heart to other organs. Large, elastic arteries leave the heart and
The skin does not include
A. the epidermis.
B. the papillary layer.
C. the hypodermis.
D. the stratum basale.
E. the dermis.
These are all types of cells found in the epidermis except
C. stem cells.
Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
Internal respiration: encompasses the intracellular metabolic reactions that use O2 and produce CO2 during energyyielding oxidation of nutrient molecules. Respiratory airways conduct air from the atmosphere to the air sa
A tissue is a group of cells that usually have a common origin in the embryo and function together to carri,r out specialized
The basic tvpes of human tissues are:
Epithelial. Iilonnective , Muscular and Nervous
The integumentary system is composed of skin, hair, oil and sweat glands, nails and sensory receptors.
As newly formed cells ofthe stratum basale are pushed to the surface, they accumulate keratin and undergo apoptosis. This
process is referred
Minimum Pass Grade: 50%
Each question is worth 10 marks.
1. Name the type of joint, and list the movements permitted at the shoulder joint.
Under each movements name, list the names of the muscles responsible for each of
Minimum Pass Grade: 50%
Each question is worth 10 marks.
1. Name the type of joint, and list the movements permitted at the shoulder joint. Under each movements name, list the
names of the muscles responsible for each of these move
Chapter 24 The Digestive System
1. Identify the organs of the digestive system & the 6 basic processes they perform 2
groups of organs compose the digestive system: GI tract & accessory digestive organs
Gastrointestinal tract or alimentary canal is a co
Chapter 23 The Respiratory System
1. Describe the anatomy, histology, and physiology of the nose, pharynx, larynx, trachea,
bronchi and lungs
Respiratory system anatomy consists of the nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box),
trachea (wind pipe), bronc
Chapter 21 the cardiovascular system: Blood vessels and hemodynamics
1. Compare the structure and function of the arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and
Tunica interna forms the inner lining of a blood vessel & is in direct contact with t
Chapter 22 the lymphatic system and immunity
1. List the components and major functions of the lymphatic system
Pathogens disease producing microbes such as bacteria & viruses
Resistance or immunity - the ability to ward off damage/disease through body de
Chapter 25 Metabolism & Nutrition
1. Define the term metabolism, & explain the role of ATP in anabolism & catabolism.
Metabolism refers to all the chemical reactions that occur in the body. Metabolism is
an energy-balancing act between catabolic (decomp
Chapter 20 Cardiovascular system: the blood
1. Describe the location of the heart.
Location- located in the mediastinum, with 2/3 of its mass to the left of the midline.
Heart average mass of 250g (8oz) in adult females and 300g(10oz) in adult males, and
CHAPTER 19 QUESTION & ANSWER
19.1 Which formed elements of the blood are cell fragments? platelets
19.2 From which connective tissue cells do pluripotent stem cells develop? mesenchyme
19.3 what is the function of transferrin? Plasma protein that transpor
Chapter 20 Q & A
20.1 this valve opens during an increase in interventricular pressure & routes blood to the lungs
A. semilunar valve
B. bicuspid valve
C. tricuspid valve
D. pulmonary semilunar valve
20.2 oxygen is presented to the myocardium by
CHAPTER 9: JOINTS
Joint-also called an articulation or arthrosis, is a point of contact between two bones, between bone and
cartilage, or between bone and teeth.
Structurally-based on 1) the presence or absence of a space between the a
Chapter 7: The Skeletal System: The Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton: Consists of the bones that lie around the longitudinal axis of the human body, an
imaginary vertical line that runs through the bodys center of gravity from the head to the space
The pectoral or shoulder girdles attach the bones of the legs to the axial skeleton.
Which bones make up the pectoral girdle?
sternum, clavicle, and scapula
scapula, humerus, and clavicle
clavicle and scapula
clavicle and humerus
When vou palpa
Which of the following statements isfare incorrect?
l. The autonomic neryous system operates under conscious control.
2. Input into the autonomic neryous system is often from interoceptors.
3. Autonomic pathways consist of a single axon.
Chapter 25: Metabolism and Nutrition:
Metabolism: refers to all of the chemical reactions that occur in the body.
Catabolism: those chemical reactions that break dwom complex organic molecules into simpler ones.
Anabolism: chemical reactions that combine
Chapter 23: The Respiratory System:
The respiratory system consists of the nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe),
bronchi, and lungs. Its parts can be classified according to either structure or function. Strucutally, the
Chapter 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity
Pathogens: disease-producing microbes such as bacteria and viruses
Resistance (immunity): is the ability to ward off damage or disease through our defenses. Vulnerability
or lack of resistance is termed suscep
The three types of mu5cle ti55ue differ in what featureEs]?
Method of endocrine and neryoua 5y5tem control
All of the5e choicea are correct.
The general functions. of mu5cle ti55ue include:
Production of body moyement
Chapter 20: The heart
The heart lies in the mediastinum, an anatomical region that extends from the sternum to the vertebral
column, from the first rib to the diaphragm, and between the lungs. About two-thirds of the mass of the
heart lies to the left of
Joints are classiﬁed by structural characteristics and degree of movement that theyr allow
Another term for a freter movable joint is
gom ph osis
syn a rth rosi s
The point of contact between bones is afan
Which of the following 5tatement5 iafare correct?
The 5keleton providea a atructural framework for the body.
The cranium, rib cage and vertebrae protect important internal organs from injury.
Bone releasea minerala a5 needed to maintain homeostasia.
CHAPTER 10: MUSCULAR TISSUE
Skeletal muscle tissue: is so named because most skeletal muscles move bones of the skeleton. Skeletal
muscle tissue is striated: alternating light and dark protein bands are seen when the tissue is examined
with a microscope.
21.1 which of the following is an unpaired visceral branch of the abdominal aorta?
o A. gonadal artery
o B. suprarenal artery
o C. renal artery
o D. superior mesenteric artery
21.2 which of the following veins drains directly into the inferior