Chapter 13: The Respiratory System
Internal respiration: encompasses the intracellular metabolic reactions that use O2 and produce CO2 during energyyielding oxidation of nutrient molecules. Respiratory airways conduct air from the atmosphere to the air sa
Chapter 25: Metabolism and Nutrition:
Metabolism: refers to all of the chemical reactions that occur in the body.
Catabolism: those chemical reactions that break dwom complex organic molecules into simpler ones.
Anabolism: chemical reactions that combine
Chapter 23: The Respiratory System:
The respiratory system consists of the nose, pharynx (throat), larynx (voice box), trachea (windpipe),
bronchi, and lungs. Its parts can be classified according to either structure or function. Strucutally, the
Chapter 22: The Lymphatic System and Immunity
Pathogens: disease-producing microbes such as bacteria and viruses
Resistance (immunity): is the ability to ward off damage or disease through our defenses. Vulnerability
or lack of resistance is termed suscep
Chapter 21: The Cardiovascular System: Blood Vessels and Hemodynamics
Hemodynamics: the forces involved in circulating blood throughout the body.
Arteries: carry blood away from the heart to other organs. Large, elastic arteries leave the heart and
The three types of mu5cle ti55ue differ in what featureEs]?
Method of endocrine and neryoua 5y5tem control
All of the5e choicea are correct.
The general functions. of mu5cle ti55ue include:
Production of body moyement
Chapter 20: The heart
The heart lies in the mediastinum, an anatomical region that extends from the sternum to the vertebral
column, from the first rib to the diaphragm, and between the lungs. About two-thirds of the mass of the
heart lies to the left of
Joints are classiﬁed by structural characteristics and degree of movement that theyr allow
Another term for a freter movable joint is
gom ph osis
syn a rth rosi s
The point of contact between bones is afan
Which of the following 5tatement5 iafare correct?
The 5keleton providea a atructural framework for the body.
The cranium, rib cage and vertebrae protect important internal organs from injury.
Bone releasea minerala a5 needed to maintain homeostasia.
A tissue is a group of cells that usually have a common origin in the embryo and function together to carri,r out specialized
The basic tvpes of human tissues are:
Epithelial. Iilonnective , Muscular and Nervous
CHAPTER 10: MUSCULAR TISSUE
Skeletal muscle tissue: is so named because most skeletal muscles move bones of the skeleton. Skeletal
muscle tissue is striated: alternating light and dark protein bands are seen when the tissue is examined
with a microscope.
CHAPTER 9: JOINTS
Joint-also called an articulation or arthrosis, is a point of contact between two bones, between bone and
cartilage, or between bone and teeth.
Structurally-based on 1) the presence or absence of a space between the a
The integumentary system is composed of skin, hair, oil and sweat glands, nails and sensory receptors.
As newly formed cells ofthe stratum basale are pushed to the surface, they accumulate keratin and undergo apoptosis. This
process is referred
The pectoral or shoulder girdles attach the bones of the legs to the axial skeleton.
Which bones make up the pectoral girdle?
sternum, clavicle, and scapula
scapula, humerus, and clavicle
clavicle and scapula
clavicle and humerus
When vou palpa
Chapter 7: The Skeletal System: The Axial Skeleton
Axial Skeleton: Consists of the bones that lie around the longitudinal axis of the human body, an
imaginary vertical line that runs through the bodys center of gravity from the head to the space
Which of the following statements isfare incorrect?
l. The autonomic neryous system operates under conscious control.
2. Input into the autonomic neryous system is often from interoceptors.
3. Autonomic pathways consist of a single axon.