ARTICLE 1 SUMMARY PSYC 1101
Summary of Article 1
ARTICLE 1 SUMMARY PSYC 1101
What is Scientifically Based Research?
Long ago around the 17th Century there were two astronomers, Galileo and Francesco
Sizi. These two astronomer
ARTICLE 2 SUMMARY PSYC 1101
Summary of Article 2
ARTICLE 2 SUMMARY PSYC 1101
Effects of Self-Graphing and Goal Setting
Children with disabilities tend to struggle with solving math equations. When issues arise
with solving pr
History of Psychology
Philosophical Roots of Psychology
Rene Descartes: Father of modern philosophy; said I think; therefore I am; believed in dualism
(mind and body are separate but linked)
John Locke: Tabula Rasablank slate at birth; we are a product
Parts of the Brain
1. Begins just above the spinal cord and continues into center of brain
2. Contains medulla and pons (where spinal cord enters brain)
a. Medulla contains reticular formation, which is involved in sleep
Neurons:nerve cells found in the brain, spinal cord, and nervous system that
specialize in communication. There are 100 billion neurons present from birth
(actually from 24 weeks gestation). Commonly thought that once neurons die,
theyre lost forever, but
Sleep deprivation; Record for human staying awake: 11 days straight. Rats will die within
2 weeks from sleep deprivation. Adults need 7-9 hours to feel alert (college students need
9), but 60% get less than 6 hours. Can result in heart disease, diab
Research Methods (for Exam 1)
Research Method examples and Notes
Psychology studies fall in four broad categories:
1) What effects video games have on children
2) The prevalence of stress in the Haiti earthquake survivors
3) The effects child
Things to Know about States of Consciousness
1. What does research show about subliminal perception? (I mentioned 4 studies in class.)
2. What does research show about subliminal advertising? Is it effective?
What are circadian rhythms? Are everyones c
Can we be affected by stimuli that are below our absolute threshold? In a way, yes,
because absolute threshold is the threshold that we can detect a stimulus 50% of
the time. There will be times when we can detect stimuli below that
Are the mind and body two separate entities? Dualists say yesthe mind and body are
separate but somehow interact with each other. Monists say theyre both part of the same
In a near-death experience, the hallucinatory sensatio
Chapter 1 topic 1: Psychology
What is Psychology?
o The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Behavior- observable actions of a person or animal
Mind- thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions,
memories, dreams, moti
Memory & Cognition Examples
1. _Nondeclarative memory
a. Several studies have shown increased anxiety levels in
college-age students compared to other age groups; therefore,
college students must be more anxious than other age groups.
2. _J_Semantic memor
1. How do bottom-up and top-down processing differ? (Which is related to sensation and
which to perception?
Bottom-up is basically sensation (taking in raw stimuli and processing it from the bottom up
while top-down is trying to ma
1. What are some characteristics of learning? (Hint: First slide. Is learning automatic?
It is not automatic or a result of simple maturation. Its based on experience, and the
results are relatively
1. What are the three stages in the memory process, according to Atkinson & Shiffrin?
Encoding, storage, retrieval
2. What are the three ways in which memory is stored (Atkinson & Shiffrin)?
Sensory, short-term memory, long-term memory
1. What are the four components of language? What do they mean? Phonology- sounds
(phonemes are the basic unit of sound, such as tr or cl); semantics-meaning
(morphemes are the lowest level of meaning; e.g.,
What are the three components of emotion? Arousal, appraisal/interpretation, and
2. There are three major theories of emotion. Know the difference between them and some
support or opposing evidence for each:
a. James-LangeArousal come
What is the difference between sensation and perception?
Sensation involves detecting raw stimuli from the environment in a bottom-up fashion,
whereas perception involves making sense of the stimuli that the sense organs have
What information is found on the five axes of the DSM-5?
a. Axis 1: mental disorders; things not present from birth that can be cured
b. Axis II: personality disorders, developmental disorders
c. Axis III: general medica
History of Psychology Questions
Things to Know from the History of Psychology Lecture
What are the parents of psychology?
Philosophy and physiology
2. List three philosophers who contributed to psychologys development and note their
primary ideas. (Why
1. What is the difference between a dispositional and situational attribution?
Dispositional: its something about the individual that caused the behavior; some internal
attribute such as intelligence or goodness/badness. Situ
1. What does research say about subliminal processes? We do process things
subliminally/subconsciously. Studies have shown that subliminal priming can influence
our moods, behavior, and impressions of other people. T
Research Methods Questions
Research MethodsTHINGS TO KNOW
What are operational definitions? Definitions that you can actually test or assign
something objective to. Its an objective measure that can be used by other
experimenters in an attempt to get t
Answer the following questions. They are worth 4 points apiece and will be graded for accuracy,
1. _serotonin_ is the primary neurotransmitter that is involved in mood regulation
1. _ theory fell out of favor because it was too simplistic and failed to explain why
some people were not motivated to reduce unpleasant biological tension states.
a. Drive Theory
2. The idea that we are motiva
ExtraCreditQuestionsfromThe15StoneBabies:(Worth 10 points on your lowest
Watch the program here and answer the questions. http:/www.youtube.com/watch?
1. What kind of business do Maxine and Dereck run? In what countr