February 12, 2014
Political Geography: physical geography and the relationship b/w states
State System: How this world is organized internationally (ex. currently in it, Westphalia 1648
ended the thirty years war, a war about
Week 15: Ethnicity Geography
January 30, 2014
Starts with Latin; Italy
German; west and north
5 million Germans displaced at the end of WWII
Identify and resolve issues, physical/human Geographers
Language matters; can have polit
March 27, 2014
; Where both human and physical geography intersect
Agric. & industrial rev. made huge impacts
Mortality & health
Energy use; fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas; non-renewable, nuclear energy)
We have religions that are universalizing: religions that seek to be to part of a particular group
Religions divided into 3 branches:
Christianity has 6 denominations and 6 branches
There are three denominations within t
Schools of cultural landscape
Environmental determinism= nature -> humans
Environmental possibilism = nature -> possible human outcomes
Landscape school = human -> nature
Environmental probabilism = nature ->
What does interaction bring out ?
multilingual states (Switzerland, India)
bilingual states (Belgium, Canada)
linguistic diffusion (bonne fin de semaine vs bon weekend)
creolization (ex: language of colonies mixed with indigenous)
Video : Nunavut VS Green
Human beings create structures
Political geography is a study of geography in relations with social and political structures
How does the structures human beings relate to how and why they are found, and why they
Info on Halifax:
Halifax city is the capital of Nova Scotia.
Its the eastern terminus of Canada's two great railroad systems and its transcontinental highway.
Industries include fishing, fish processing, shipbuilding, oil refining (natural gas), and
Week 4 (Chapter 8)
Anarchism: A political philosophy that rejects the state and believes that social order is possible
without the state.
Democracy: A form of government involving free and fair elections, openness and accountability, civil
and political r
Week 5, 6 (Chapter 9):
Entropy: A measure of the disorder or the disorganization in a system.
Foreign Direct Investment: Direct investment by a government or multinational corporation in
another country, often in the form of a manufacturing plant.
Week 8 (Chapter 13)
Epidemiologic Transition: A process associated with reductions in fertility and improvements in
overall health. Death and disability from communicable diseases decline in importance relative to
problems with non-communicable diseases.
Week 9 (Chapter 14)
Material Index: An index created by Weber and used in industrial location theory to show the extent
to which the least-cost location for an industrial firm will be material or market-oriented.
Primary Activities: Economic activities co
Week 7 (Chapter 12)
Dual City: A city with areas occupied by rich and powerful and poor and powerless; can reflect ethnic,
religious, gender differences.
Back-Office Activities: Repetitive office operations, usually performed using telecommunications, tha
Week 1 (Chapter 10)
Ceiling Rent: The maximum rent that a potential land user can be charged for use of a given piece of
Economic Operator: A model of human behavior in which each individual is assumed to be rational;
they maximize returns and minim
February 6, 2014
Culture, language and religion; three markers that identify humans and humans identify with
Religion; a belief system and a set of practices that recognize the existence of a power then
Religions that are univ
Week 8 (Chapter 3)
Adaption: The process by which humans adjust to a particular set of circumstances; changes I
behavior that reduce conflict with the environment.
Agricultural Revolution: The slow transition, beginning 12 000 years, from foraging to food
Week 2 and 3 (Chapter 7):
Acculturation: The process by which an ethnic individual or group is absorbed into a larger society
while retaining aspects of its distinct identity.
Assimilation: The process by which an ethnic group is absorbed into a larger so
Understanding people. Places they occupy by analyzing cultural identities and landscapes .
Examines the location of landscapes, why they are there and what is their signature of place to
Culture: involves development