Levels of Court
The only distinction with which you really need to be familiar, and the only one that
applies consistently in the U.K., U.S. and Canada is the distinction between trial courts and
Trial courts are intended to determine the
The legislative - creators of the law (we need a health care system in Canada)
The executive - the appliers of law (a health minister comes in here and hires people.
Police enforce laws)
And the judiciary - interpreters of law
Natural Law: all things partake somewhat of the eternal law, insofar as, namely, from its
being imprinted upon them, they derive their respective inclinations to their proper acts and
ends to pursue good and avoid evil. . Wherefore it has a share of the
If human laws contradict natural laws then its not really a law. Because humans are fallible and
create fallible laws. Human laws are in place to make sense of the natural law and set
harmonious terms between the understanding of
Aquinas Part 1: The Essence of Law and the Natural Law
Aristotle's 4 Kinds of 'cause'
Material Cause - the matter of the object caused, i.e., the wood that makes the boat
Formal Cause - the shape that will be taken by the bo
What is Philosophy?
Means "lover of wisdom"
In this course, we care about the methodology through which a philosopher gathers
A Philosopher's Credo: I will accept/endorse only those beliefs that are supported by
Human laws fill the gaps of the Natural Laws. A natural law says that a car needs to pick a side
on a road. Human law says right.
Written law is better than judge made laws because:
Its easier to find a few wise people capable
Human Laws: human laws as laws, devised by human reason, adapted to particular
geographical, historical and social circumstances. Law is directed to the common good, and
human law is no exception. The promotion of virtue is necessary for the common good,
Philosophy -> 2 Step Model
Identification: argument discussed or explains the subject addressed using premises and
P1: Major Premise
P2: Minor Premise
C: Conclusion of the argument from a well-defined and c
An attempt to present and defend a set of moral principles which, if institutionalized
would generate an ideal state - the primary concerns being WHEN, WHY and HOW should the
state exercise its coercive cpowers over its citizens?