Part II Chemiosmotic Coupling
How is the G of e- flow converted into energy for ATP synthesis?
During the transport of e-, H+ are removed from the matrix
(inside inner membrane) and transported into the space between
the inner and outer mitocho
Prokaryotes are bacteria containing a single chromosome and no
membrane-bound organelles or nuclear envelope. Gram negative
bacteria have two membranes an inner and an outer.
Eukaryotes contain multiple chro
Chapter 13 - TCA Cycle
The third fate of glucose/pyruvate is complete oxidation to CO2
+ H2O in the matrix of the mitochondrion.
The outer membrane is leaky and lets pyruvate from glycolysis
The inner membrane contains a transport
Chapter 9 - Biological Membranes
Membranes form a semi-permeable boundary between a cell and
Membranes also permit subcellular organization and segregation
of metabolic pathways.
Catabolism of Hexoses
Glucose is the focal point of carbohydrate breakdown.
Glycolysis: A pathway made up of 10 steps in which glucose
(C6H12O6) is transformed into 2 molecules of pyruvate
It is an ancient anaerobic process