Two driving principles behind modernism
Pragmatism: dont look to the final good, it might not be accessible, look to what is
actually possible and/or possible
Enlightenment: philosophy only valuable when it is accessible to everyone, so separa
Dr Jane Dryden
8 Mar. 2014
Bourdieu and the Appreciation of Art
Pierre Bourdieu, in Distinction, engages with a question that has been long debated
among philosophers of aesthetics: is there a particular way that we ought to be
Music for the wisdom of the soul; physical training for the spirited. Each part receives what it
needs in the appropriate degree: harmony.
Who will rule the city?:
It would appear that he has hereto discussed two distinctions/
A ruler over the ruled; the strong over the weak.
Doctor can be both his doctor and his patient, and thus exercise his craft for the
advantage of himself.
Thrasymachus flood the group with a speech. It is not cle
Philosopher as guardian:
Lover of the pleasures of the soul truth.
Persons of virtue, with great memories and graceful though processes
Employs an analogy, likening a city to a ship:
The vicious condemn the decent, for want of kno
Continuance of discussion on education:
How about courage?
Expunge disparagement about Hades, so that warriors do not fear death
Delete the lamentations and wailings of famous men
If falsehoods are to be used by anyone, it i
Adeimantus remarks that, deprived of these luxuries the guardians would not be happy.
Socrates rejoing that it is not the one he wants to make happy but the whole city.
Extends the province of the guardians to include that of gua
Concerning the rearing and upbringing of women and children
The same qualities which were discovered in male natures are sought to exist in female natures
Only to a weaker degree
Like paired with like women soldier to a male sold
Glaucon takes up the discussion:
Proposes that there are three types of goods:
Goods for themselves
Goods for their rewards
Goods in themselves and Goods for their rewards
Socrates claims that justice must be of the third ki
Socrates tells a story:
Recounts a discussion with an old man, Cephalus, who discourses on the road of old age.
Cephalus mentions that in old age the shackles and tyranny of bodily desires are absent.
Very promising for us.
Adeimantus interposes at the close of Glaucons account, promising to give an account of justice
that is opposed the the latters:
Though to disclaim what Adeimantus proposes, Glaucon reminds that he is only a delegate of the
To compare the effect of education and the lack of it, Socrates
Allegory of the Cave:
Prisoners in darkness, seeing only shadows through the fire
The prisoner is released and emerges from the dwelling
Shadows, relfections: objec
November 21, 2012
1. The movements of every object and the way objects interact have already been
2. We do not have enough knowledge of objects to be able to understand how they
Give Laplace's argument for determinism - put it into standard form. (The
argument can be gleaned from the first two pages of the reading from the course
pack.) After you've expressed the argument, explain how his idea of an infinite
After having found his one firm and immovable point,(Descartes p17) that he is
a thinking thing and that he exists, Descartes continues in trying to establish that we come
to gain knowledge through our intellect (as opposed to thr
Anselms Famous Proposition: God is that than which nothing greater can be thought
I believe Kant disproved this, but I wanted to attempt a refutation of my own
before reading his.
"That than which nothing greater can be thought."
# 1, regarding the 'great
Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy
Fourth Meditation Truth and Falsity
God cannot be a deceiver deception, malice, trickery = weakness = imperfection.
God is perfect.
Human existence lies between supreme being and non-being; errors occur becaus
Descartes Meditations on First Philosophy
First Meditation What can be called into doubt
Recognizes that the senses deceive
No sure distinction between wakefulness + sleep
Still, things in dreams must be representations of things real; if not real,
Logic: a system whereby one, through carefully constructed arguments, attempts to arrive at
seamless conclusions TRUTH?!
Truth apparently a property of propositions, which must make a claim
Not all sentences are propositions: