Apply political sci to analyze the Canadian gov
Of ones own country
Phil to study normative theories
Own country studies
Different areas of focus
Public admin, policy , economy
In political science and legal science, law is defined as the rule of conduct in society that is
enforced by the public authority, by means of coercion or violence if necessary.
Many rules of conduct in society do not require public enforcement.
- The queen and her representative
- The Senate
- The House of Commons
Functions of parliament
Law-making: passing legislation.
Representational: a forum of public opinions.
Supervisory: keep the government account
-It is a voluntary organization whose primary purpose is to seek control of government to directly control
public policy making process.
-In Canada, to be officially recognized as a federal party, a party must field at least 50 candidates.
Aboriginal peoples right to self-government
Aboriginal self-government is essentially an issue of the constitutional status of the first nations
people within Canada.
Aboriginal peoples in Canada were never conquered military by European powers even thoug
The constitution is made up of the fundamental rules and principles by which the state is
The constitution establishes the basic principles concerning the nature and structure of
government, the power of each government institution
It is a government system in which the constitution sets up two levels of government and divides
the power of the state between them.
Degree of centralization
Election and electoral systems
Efficacy of the vote
Refers to the capacity of an electoral system to translate popular votes proportionately into seats
in the legislature.
The basic principle is that each vote should be counted equally in theory.
Broadly defined, an interested group is a group of people in society who share common social interests.
Narrowly defined, an interest group refers to a social organization: a group of people who are organized
to seek common interests by tr
Executive branch of government
The formal executive
The political executive
Public administration (Bureaucracy)
The formal executive
The Crown the composite symbol of the institutions of the state. Specifically, the crown refers
to the queen and her repre
Public administration (the bureaucracy)
Modern states have large bureaucracies.
Bureaucracies are needed to deliver a large number of services to a large population.
Features of an ideal bureaucracy
Specialization of official duties:
Chapter tow poli
A brief review of history before and after the Canadian federation in 1867.
A discussion of Canadas nation-building and state building process
The process of developing a common feeling of national identity.
The development of a feeling o
The functions of the courts
Adjudication if disputes: handling trials and appeals.
The courts legislative power: developing law through interpreting law and making rulings that
establish precedents. This is called statutory construction.
Judicial review t
Culture and Political culture
Culture includes the total living patterns of a people.
Elements of culture
1.psychological elements such as
Values , beliefs and attitudes that people have developed toward government and politics.
This define :
1. Focuses o
Society, government, politics
power, authority, legitimacy
Nation, nation-state, citizen
Society is a group of people
1) Live by common rules of conduct
2) relatively self sufficient as a group meeting the basic livelihoo
Ideas of democracy
-demos (common people)
-cratia/cratos (rule ,power)
-A type of government
Typology of government
-Aristotelian classification- based on Platos ideas and empirical studies.
-Two dimensional two variables:
1) who rules three
Political Participation refers to actions that people take to raise awareness of political issues, influence
the selection of government personnel, and shape the content of law and policies.
Forms of participation
Accessing the political inf
System analysis and structural-functionalism
-Two basic approaches in combination with each other
A system is a set of interconnected structures and functions, operating in an environment,
The basic function is to convert inputs into outputs and feed the
Origin and development
The term liberal comes from the Latin word liber which means free .
Freedom is the most important value in liberalism. No other ideology places such a huge
emphasis on the value on freedom.
Freedom , however is
Modern liberalism ( Reform Liberalism)
Classical liberalism was related to the early stage of industrialization , while modern liberalism
developed during further development of industrialization.
The rise of business middle class ( bourgeoisies) and earl
Introduction to ideology
Ideology is not something that you can easily escape from.
When people think about social/political issues , the way they think and the substance of their
thought are affected by different ideologies , even though they may not be
POLI Gov of Can lecture notes March 27, 2015
Affects who wins
1. Quantity of representations
2. Districts and magnitude
Single Member Plurality(SMP)
Ridings or constituencies
One representative for each
Number of re
Poli Gov of Can lecture notes March 18th , 2015
How federations change
Judicial review can modify a constitution
Jurisdictions can become more important
Province building exploiting potential
Different federal systems
Poli Gov of Can lecture notes March 20, 2015
vertical imbalance; equity between federal and provincial gov; fed gov has
dominance over tax collection. Fed free to spend as much as they like.
the federal government redi
POLI Gov of Can lecture notes April 1st
A 2 hour exam but we are given 3 hours to do it.
2 definition sections (5 of 10 in each section)
First section; just define terms, give examples
2nd section; matched concepts; two ideas are giv
POLI Gov of Can lecture notes March 30, 2015
Drawing boundaries to help a party or interest
Negative or positive forms
Commissions generally independent little partisan gerrymandering in
Effects of the System
Privileges parties w
THE ART OF POLITICS
Root of politics; Polis ( City state)
Differences across space and time in politics;
1. space; geographical differences(e.g. our focus; western politics)
2. Time; historical differences; (e.g. our focus; modern
POLI Government of Canada lecture notes
Powers of the Crown
Extensive on power
Executive power; conventions.
Legislative power part of parliament
Distinguished the dignified and efficient parts of the constitution
Intelligible; set out
Lecture notes POLI Gov. of Can.
Regime; a system of rule or ruling. a regime is composed of;
a) institutions of government
b) principles that informs those institutions; you need to know the principles
to understand how rules of institutions may be applie
POLI Government of Canada lecture notes
1. Ministers are MPs
3. Advice is a command
4. Cabinet solidarity
5. Non Confidence
A Cabinet which loses the confidence of the House must reign or request an