Lecture 11: Religion
Social and cognitive system
What is the difference between religion and religions?
o Religion a belief system that encompasses everything one needs to
understand the world based on faith
o A cultural system that provides a way of thin
Do Geography and Institutions Mix?
ECON 234 The Wealth and Poverty of Nations
Prof. Mauricio Drelichman
We have established that income per capita across countries has
diverged dramatically since the Industrial Revolution.
We have also established tha
o Weve seen that the poor of the developing world own substantial assets
houses, cars, tools, businesses.
o These assets are dead capital they cannot be pledged, mortgaged, sold, or
o To understand the nature of dead cap
The Fundamental Question
o Why are some countries so much more prosperous than others?
o Growth theory / development
Factor accumulation (Solow)
Endogenous growth (Lucas - Romer)
o These are only the proximate causes of growth.
o The ultima
The Mystery of Political Awareness
People on the move
o Over the past 50 years, migrants have been flocking to cities in the developing
world in ever growing numbers.
o Of the worlds 30 most populous cities, only 6 are in the developed worl
The Mystery of Missing Information
Alternative economic systems
o Economic systems are classified according to the ownership of resources and
means of production.
o Two pure systems exist:
Communism: resources and means of production are o
The Mystery of Legal Failure
o Integrating extralegal assets into a centralized property system is the key to
unlocking the ability to generate capital.
o Governments around the world have actually engaged in multiple efforts
What is the decision that Alvaro Richter faces? Why is it a moral dilemma?
The decision that Alvaro Richter faces is deciding his next steps after discovering from Jacob
Fuchs that Volkswagen AG illegally bypassed US Environmental Protection Agency regula
Culture and Religion
Culture and economic growth
o After examining the roles that geography and institutions play in determining
economic outcomes, we now turn our sights to culture. Culture can be defined as
the set of socially acquired norms, beliefs, v
Colonialism and Slavery
This leaves us with a gap. What happened between 1500 and 1800?
o Starting in the late 15th century, a handful of Western European nations
launched themselves to the exploration and conquest of the Globe.
o Portugal, S
Geography and Institutions
Our tools so far
o We have established that income per capita across countries has diverged
dramatically since the Industrial Revolution.
o We have also established that income inequality is much higher in poor countries
Albino Killings in Tanzania
Tanzania 13000 albinos
in east africa thousands of years
Witchcraft accusations mostly occur in a time of great change in a country
Occurs in country where there is no system to explain these changes
International African Institute
'There Is No Stranger to Marriage Here!': Muslim Women and Divorce in Rural Zanzibar
Author(s): Erin Stiles
Source: Africa: Journal of the International African Institute, Vol. 75, No. 4 (2005), pp. 582598
Lecture 12: Ritual/Religion
Ritual is a patterned, repetitive, and symbolic enactment of a cultural belief
Ritualized activity is a particular cultural strategy of differentiation linked to
particular social effects and rotted in a distinctive in
Lecture 10: Cultural Heritage
Weve understood ethnicity as both fixed and fluid; both a category of
ascription and oppression, and a category of agency and self-production
Ultimately ethnicity is a category that signifies cultural difference
How then do w
Lecture 9: Ethnicity, Identity, and Heritage
Explanation of self-belonging
Alignments of characteristics and actions
There are individual and group identities
Everyone has their own identities that are mad
Lecture 8: Descent and the Life Cycle (what goes around comes around)
are they (universal?) moments in the human life cycle?
These are also the moments at which descent groups come
together to mark an
Lecture 7: Kinship and Family
kinship begins with a friend
o Kinship and relationships are not just biological/genetic
What is kinship?
o Loyalty to others
o Self-identification with a sort of group
o Closet people to you
o The complex system of
Lecture 6: Gender
is the difference between sex and gender?
Sex is biological
Gender is cultural/social
Sex refers to the biological and physiological characteristics that
define men and women. Gender refers to the socially constructed
Lecture 5: Place and Environment
Not just the natural world
The build environment
How do these two elements of space interact?
What is cultural ecology?
o Ways that different cultures interact with their environment
o The way that different people adapt t
Lecture 4: Environmental Anthropology: Pathways and Possibilities
There is a lot to learn from other people
o People who live differently have keys and possibilities to how the world
People diverse agents/actors
Things cultural resources
Lecture 3: The Power of Classification: Taboo and Law
What is a taboo?
o Something that is prohibited or forbidden
o In some cases even a discussion of that thing is forbidden
o Who decides what is taboo in a particular social context?
Mary Douglas exampl
Lecture 2: Difference and Power: Why Classification Matters
are many forms of social difference based on group identity
The content of these categories may be exp
Lecture 1: Culture
Definitions of culture: digging deeper
o What is culture?
o How do you know it when you see it?
You can have more than one
Shared habits and beliefs
Traits inherent in the collective conscience
Perception of environment
Journal of Religion in Africa 41 (2011) 427-448
How to Be a Good Muslim Wife:
Womens Performance of Islamic Authority
during Swahili Weddings
Katrina Daly Thompson
UCLA Department of Applied Linguistics,
3320 Rolfe Hall, Los Angeles, CA 90095
3.7 Cell Respiration
3.7.1 Define cell respiration
Cell respiration is the controlled release of energy from organic compounds in
cells to form ATP (adenosine triphosphate)
3.7.2 State that, in cell respiration, glucose in the cytoplasm is broken down by
6.5 Nerves, hormones and homeostasis
6.5.1 State that the nervous system consists of the central nervous system (CNS)
and peripheral nerves, and is composed of cells called neurons that can carry
rapid electrical impulses.
The nervous system consists of t
A3 Special Issues in Human Nutrition
A.3.1 Distinguish between the composition of human milk and artificial milk used for
A.3.2 Discuss the benefits of breastfeeding
Bonding may aid in mother-infant bonding and communication, reduces