Concepts for Section 4b
Understand how ventilation works in mammals
Understand the advantage of the avian ventilation
system, and how it differs from other groups of animals.
Ventilation in birds and mammals
Birds use unidirectional
Concepts for Section 5
Understand the biomechanics of ventilation efficiency
Understanding the mechanisms for matching
respiratory and circulatory systems
Understand how oxygen and carbon dioxide are
transported within the circulatory system
Concepts for Section 4
Demonstrate how the mechanisms that allow animals
to breathe air have developed from those seen in water
What are the main differences seen in the respiratory
systems of amphibians and reptiles?
What are the strengths
Concepts for Section 3
Understand the range of anatomical adaptations
made by water breathers.
Identify the different types of ventilation (and their
mechanical basis) used by these organisms.
Understand how gills work, and why they are so
Concepts for Section 2
What are the 4 main models for respiration, and:
1. How do they differ?
2. Identify where diffusion, dissolution, and bulk flow occur in the
How does concurrent blood flow differ from concurrent blood flow?
What is non-dir
Concepts for Section 1
How do the various laws of physics affect transportation of
oxygen and carbon dioxide within the respiratory system?
How does an animals size affect its mode of gas transport?
What are the 4 general types/models of respiration?
Kidney Lecture 2 (Backwards)
Alters composition and volume
Have 2 kidneys therefore 2 ureters
Temporarily stored because dont want a constant stream of urine
Balance of 2 pressures that want to contract the bladder via smooth muscles