1. Ideology functions:
1. Legitimation: Unequal power relations are seen as legitimate. They are seen
as being in the best interest of everyone, there is a common sense notion.
We are all born the same way, however, agency takes over and this is why
Political Sociology/Social Movements
-Power Elite C. Wright Mills
-Ruling Class William Domhoff
Decision Making Power in the Elite Model
STATE 1. PMO
-Power is concentrated at the top of a pyramid shap
Race and Ethnicity
Race- a group who share biological features that members of a society deem socially
Ascribed trait, you are born with the skin colour you are born with
Ethnicity- a shared cultural heritage
Entirely socially det
-DEVELOPMENT VS UNDERDEVELOPMENT
1) Economic Inequality
2) Social Inequality
-Social Inequality is a main cause of economic inequality (poverty) in a nation
- Gunnar Myrdal
Three Worlds Approach:
First, Second and Third World Nations
Sexuality, Gender and Race
Sherri, Ted Talk:
-how women can be successful in attaining higher level positions
1) reach for the promotion
2) women need to sit at the table
3) dont leave until you leave. Women thinking about having children, w
Gender & Sexuality
-Sex: the biological distinction between females and males
-Essentialism: gender differences are a product of naturally dispositions
-Sex difference isnt absolute
-Gender: the cultural attributes a society
Social Movements (Cont.), Deviance and Crime
-In a country like Canada, protest is allowed. The police, courts, etc must be laxed. You
are allowed to protest, just make sure it doesnt get out of control.
-Problem now, in Canada, the prot
AGING - the physical, psychological, and social processes associated with growing older
AGE: chronological, functional, spiritual
LIFE EXPECTANCY - the average length of time a group born around the same time
and in the same life conditio
DEPARTMENT OF SOCIOLOGY
UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
SOCIOLOGY 100C - INTRODUCTION TO SOCIOLOGY
May 11 - August 12
Instructor: Chris MacKenzie
Classes: M/W 6-9pm
Room: Earth Sciences 1012
What is Sociology?
In October of 1987, Margaret Thatcher( the former British Prime Minister) famously said there is
no such thing as society. There are individual men and women and there are families
Socialize soiled int
Sociology all about: Inequality, instituions, social change
What is your social class?
Comparing with ppl who are doing relatively well
56% of Canadians say middle-class
+18% say upper-middle"
+19% say lower-m
What is and types?
The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (Goffman)
Noble Savage - the best time for humans was before there was society to corrupt us!
(When we interact with others, theres bad influenc
Deprivation of some people in relation to those who have more
Deprivation of resources that is life-threatening
1 billion people (1/5 of the world) live in absolute poverty
Defining Poverty in Canada
Poverty line (St
Max Weber and Social Class
Social inequality in Canada over time
Marx and Social Class
Social Class is about an individuals location in relation to the means of production
Capitalist (Bourgeoisie): owns means of producti
Sex vs. Gender
The Social Construction of Gender
Gender in the Labour Force
Gender in Politics
The array of social patterns we associate with men and women in society
Women make up 26% of elected MPs in 2015 election
Up 1% from last election
Canada is 50th in the world behind most of Europe, many developing countries
Rwanda (56%), Argentina (40%), South Africa (33%)
Why does it matter to have women elected officia
Society Shapes Peoples Health in A Number of Ways:
Cultural Patterns Define Health
Healthy is directly linked to what is seen as morally good
Cultural standards of healthy change over time
Social Causes of Death and Illness
= The workings of an institutionalized system that provides for the distribution and use of
power in society and the security of its citizens.
Jan. 22, 2014
Differs from Marx recognizes multiple dimensions of inequality
o Have class position (economic inequality), status (social prestige) and
o Social stratification = interplay of these 3
Agrarian: emphasize status honour
Class, Welfare, Politics, and Values
Power of Ideology
o Our belief structures lie behind justifications of stratification
o Beliefs about wealth and poverty depend on politics and values
Those that suffer, recognize structure poverty as a structure and
Deviant to non-deviant behavior? Why the change?
1. Think of a movie. what deviant behaviour is portrayed in this movie? positively
portrayed? negatively portray? What happened to the deviants?
Social Stratification Questions
Suggest some of the
Social Problems Questions
1. How would a sociologist define a social problem?
a. a social problem is a phenomenon regarded as bad or undesirable by significant number of
people, or a number of significant people who mobilize to eliminate it.
1. Components of hegemony:
1. The upper class dominates. Ruling elite manipulates the values, beliefs, norms
of the masses of the lower class, making them conform to the elites. They
believe the ideologies of the upper class. Force and coercion is combine
Newspaper Assignment Feedback
Met the curve. Which is good.
Thought some of you could do better but hindered by the assignment.
Gave the definition, discussed the article, used the concept to discuss the implications of the
Inequality in Canada
Income, wealth, poverty
o Wealth less evenly distributed than income
o Great source of power
o Role of inheritance family $
o nothing affects ones social standing as much as birth into a
Lets look at Canadas top bil
Disucssion: Jan. 24th, 2014
Zizek famous dude
Hunting and gathering societies
o Working together to hunt food/meat/etc
o One wouldnt keep the buffalo all for themselves
you have to be my slave in order to have this
o generally, not much of a hierarchy
Being prepared; Both sides.
Directing Discussions. Providing examples from Pop culture. Not Gender though.
Why do social inequalities exist? - Check your Privilege
Social Constructionism: Un
Longterm approach (one generation)
Multi level approach
Needed to end multifaceted
Probability of poverty
Need to at least get them out of extreme poverty
Not given enough
Owe moral obligation
Individual level positive changes
- Satellite v
Clash of Civilizations
Huntington's The Clash of Civilizations (COC) -emphasizes cultural competition over
Cold War power and ideology.
Stimulated debate both in academic circles and within the corridors of power.
Brzezinski: "a seminal work that will rev