PSYB30 Chapter 5
Conceptual Issues: Personality Development, Stability, Coherence, and Change
Personality Development the continuities, consistencies, and stabilities in people over
time and the ways in which people change over time
Three most important f
Chapter 1 The Study of the Person
The psychological triad
How people feel, think, and behave
Clinical and personality psychology share the obligation to try to understand
Personality psychology draws heavily from social, cognitive,
PSYB30 ~ Textbook Notes
Chapter 1: Who Am I? Understanding the Building Blocks of Personality (117)
WHAT IS PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY?
personality psychology: scientific study of what makes us who we are
THE BUILDING BLOCKS OF PERSONALITY
Personality & Genetics
Cell Biology Basics
Nucleus of cell contains all DNA
DNA controls growth and development determines how someone will look,
aspects of personality, how tall person will be, blueprint for various other aspects
Chapter 10- Cognitive Foundations Of Personality
People who are:
Field dependent: tend to see the bigger picture rather than details. ( Good at learning new
languages in classroom setting
Field independent: rely on their own physical sensations and have s
-meditation makes people less anxious, negative, and healthier
What is Neuroscience and How do we Study it?
-focus on the brain + nervous system
-central nervous system= brain + spinal cord
-peripheral nervous system= somatic nervous system (mus
Chapter Three: Personality Traits: Practical Matters
A hand-shake tells all?
Personality affects many aspects of our lives
What's Missing from the Five Factors?
Is intelligence a personality trait?
Chapter 1 Who am I? Understanding the building blocks of personality
Self and identity
Regulation and motivation
Building Blocks of Personality
Missing from this list are social and environmental forces- including culture, society and
socialization by parents and peers-they have a huge impact on our personalities.
Traits are a persons typical way of thinking,
Chapter 9 The Inheritance of Personality:
Behavioural Genetics and Evolutionary Theory
Two different biologically based approaches consider the ways personality might
Attempts to explain how individual differences in
Chapter 4 - Personality Traits, Situations, and
Work seeks to base the scientific measurement of individual differences on
familiar concepts such a sociability, reliability, dominance, nervousness, and
Based on empi
Part IV: The Hidden World of the Mind: The Psychoanalytic Approach
Chapter 12: Psychoanalysis After Freud: Neo-Freudians, Object Relations and Current Research
The theme of most post Freudian psychoanalysts is to move away from his e
Chapter 2 Clues to Personality: The Basic
Sources of Data
To look at a persons personality, one has to do four things:
Find out what other people who know the person well have to say
Check out how the person is faring in life
Ask the person direct
PSYB30- Chapter 2 Personality Traits: A Good Theory
Behavioural Residue: Physical traces left behind by everyday actions, which
provide hints and cues to the personality of the occupant.
Traits: descriptors of personality (e.g. anxious, easily upset, soci
Trait-descriptive adjectives: words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are reasonably
characteristic of the person and perhaps enduring over time imply consistent and stable
Traits, also called dispositions are rea
Chapter 6: Genetics and Personality
Genome refers to the complete set of genes an organism possess
human genome= 20000-30000 genes and all genes located on 23 pairs of chromosomes
nucleus of each cell within the body contains two complete sets of human ge
What people say about their values and attitudes via self-report
What other people say about others via observer report
If want to know certain life events about people via life history data
Each source of data mentioned above provides valuable
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Which of the following is an example of "idiographic research"?
Comparing men and women on emotionality.
Developing a questionnaire that measures sociability.
Writing a case study of Albert Einstein's personality.
Conducting a field study of h
PSYB30 - PERSONALITY
CHAPTER 7: THE NEUROSCIENCE PERSONALITY
- Group that learned meditation showed less anxiety, and showed differences in how their
brain responded to emotional stimuli
o Greater activation on left prefrontal cortex at rest
study of persons must begin with human nature
fundamental property of living things is that they propagate
as environment change, designs of organism change not as direct response to environment but due to some
organism become more capable to su
Macrocontexts: The social situation
- Rudolph Moos provided a six-part taxonomy of human environments, identifying the various
features that can be taken into consideration in conceptualizing a particular situation.
- The six categories are (1) dimensions