Enduring, inflexible and maladaptive patterns of behaviour and inner experience.
o Schizoid personality disorder: person is aloof, has few friends, and is indifferent
to praise and criticism.
o Narcissistic personality disorder: over
Psychopathology: field concerning with the nature and development of abnormal
behaviour, thoughts and feelings.
DEFINING ABNORMAL PSYCHOLOGY
Normal curve/bell-shaped curve; majority of people in the center and very few people a
Defence Mechanisms: Coping with Anxiety
Objective anxiety can often be handled by removing or avoiding the danger in the
external world or by dealing with it in a rational way.
Neurotic anxiety can be handled by means of a defence mechanism is a strateg
It tries to specify the particular gene or genes involved and the precise functions of these
Allele: refers to any one of the several DNA codings that occupy the same position or
location on a chromosome; therefore a person gen
MENTAL HEALTH OF CANADIANS FIRST VIEW
What factors are associated with mental health in Canada?
Current stress, social support, life events, education and childhood trauma were strongly
and independently associated with multiple indicators of both positi
Philippe Pinel is considered a primary figure in the movement for humanitarian treatment
of the mentally ill in asylums.
He treated them as sick beings and not beasts; many who were unmanageable became
calm and much easier to handle. Als
Evaluating the Psychoanalytic Paradigm
Theories based on anecdotal evidence gathered during therapy sessions are not grounded
in objectivity and therefore are not scientific.
Freud believed that the information obtained from therapy sessions was enough
How valid are diagnostic categories
construct validity: inferred, not proven entities.
Determined by evaluating the extent to which accurate statements and predictions can be
made about a category once it has been formed.
Some of these relationships ma
Applied to people whose moods are extremely high or low
o Major depressive disorder: individual is deeply sad and discouraged and is also
likely to lose weight and energy and to have suicidal thoughts and feelings of self
Ellis's Rational - Emotive Behaviour Therapy
Albert Ellis principal thesis was that sustained emotional reactions are caused by internal
sentences, that people repeat to themselves and these self-statements reflect sometimes
unspoken assumptions -irratio
A Brief History of Classification
Development of the WHO and DSM Systems
Who added mental disorders to the International List of Causes of Death (ICD); and later
the list expanded to become the International Statistical Classification of Disease, Injurie