Designed to determine cognitive, emotional, personality, and behavioural factors in
Characteristics of Clinical Interviews:
o Clinical interview: the attention the interviewer
Experiment: is generally considered the most powerful tool for determining causal
relationships between events.
It involves the random assignment of participants to the different conditions being
investigated, the manipulation of an IV an
The Research Methods of Abnormal Psychology
The Case Study
Case study: by collecting historical and biographical information on a single individual,
often including experiences in therapy.
Important to keep in mind the role of the clinician's paradigm i
Clinical Unity of Biological Assessment Measures of Brain Structure and Function
The ultimate test of the clinical utility of these measures is the extent to which the
information gleaned actually changes diagnoses and makes them more accurate.
The revised MMPI-2 has several noteworthy changes designed to improve its
validity and acceptability.
The MMPI lacked representation of racial minorities (African Americans
and Native Americans). The new version used a sample that was much larger
Direct Observation of Behaviour
o Behavioural observation: the observer divides the uninterrupted sequence of
behaviour into various parts and applies terms that make sense within a learning
o The behavioural clinicians way of conceptualizing a
Focus on learning as the way in which phobias are acquired.
o The main behavioural account of phobias is that such reactions are learned
o Phobias develop from two related sets of learnin
Cognitive behavioural interventions are generally more successful than doing drug
treatments because they create lasting change.
Homework: between-session learning is considered to be an essential component of
70% of patients often recover but it often takes 6-7 years, and relapses are common
before a stable pattern of eating and maintenance of weight is achieved.
Death most often results from physical complications of the illness or from suicide.
Most propose that the core cause lies in disturbed parent-child relationships, and agree
that certain core personality traits such as low self-esteem, and perfectionism are found
among individuals with eating disorders.
AN is an attem
Dissociative fugue: memory loss is more extensive, and the person becomes not only
totally amnesic but suddenly leaves home and work and assumes a new identity (name,
home, job, and even a new set of personality characteristics).
Somatization disorder: characterized by recurrent, multiple somatic complaints with no
apparent physical cause for which medical attention is sought.
o Four pain symptoms in different locations
o Two gastrointestinal symptoms (diarr
OBSESSIVE COMPULSORY DISORDER
OCD: an anxiety disorder in which the mind is flooded with persistent and uncontrollable
thoughts (obsessions) and the individuals is compelled to repeat certain acts repeatedly
(compulsions) suffering significant distress a
Etiology of PTSD
Important to take into account not only risk factors for PTSD but also risk factors for the
likelihood of being exposed to trauma.
Having IQ >115 seems to be a protective factor, perhaps because it is associated with